New Defender's Study Bible Notes
3:1 stay. That is, “support.”
3:3 eloquent orator. This phrase probably should be “cunning enchanter.”
3:4 babes. This prophecy was literally fulfilled when the wicked king Manasseh began his long and calamitous reign over Judah when he was a twelve-year old boy.
3:9 their sin as Sodom. Not only was God’s judgment on Sodom remembered in Isaiah’s day as a historical fact of Abraham’s time, but also as characterized by the type of sin that had apparently surfaced prominently again in the nation of Israel.
3:17 daughters of Zion. Isaiah 3:16-24 is a devastating indictment of the wanton behavior of the Jewish women of that day. When the women of a nation become as selfish and immoral as the men, the nation’s doom is near.
3:18 cauls. These were women’s caps, or hairnets.
3:22 crisping pins. That is, “hair-curling pins.”