New Defender's Study Bible Notes
19:1 lamentation for the princes. In this parabolic lamentation, the successive evil “princes of Israel,” after good King Josiah, are first pictured as young lions, then their respective fates are described. Jehoahaz is taken in chains to Egypt (Ezekiel 19:4); Jehoiachin is taken to Babylon (Ezekiel 19:9). Then, Israel is pictured again as a vine (Ezekiel 19:10-14), whose “rods” were broken (Ezekiel 19:12).
19:2 thy mother? A lioness. Judah—especially the royal line—is pictured here as a lioness, possibly drawing on Jacob’s famous prophecy (Genesis 49:9-10), from whom came the princes now being lamented.
19:10 mother is like a vine. Here the symbology returns to the familiar figure of the vine as representing Judah.