New Defender's Study Bible Notes
9:3 fear of Mordecai. Two contradictory, but irrevocable, decrees had been issued, one sponsored by Haman, bent on annihilating the Jews, the other sponsored by Mordecai, authorizing protection for the Jews and destruction of those who would attack them. The Persian military was thus faced with choosing which decree to help implement. Since Mordecai had now become second to the king in place of Haman (Esther 8:2; 10:3), most decided the part of wisdom was to favor Esther, Mordecai, and the Jews! One tradition relates that it was only the Amalekites, or Agagites, of the same lineage of Haman, who actually tried to slay the Jews as Haman had planned.
9:7 And Parshandatha. The actual names of the ten sons of Haman are given in Esther 9:7-9, about whom he had boasted (Esther 5:11) but who, like their father, would be hanged on the gallows he had erected for Mordecai (Esther 9:10,13-14). The latter was at Esther’s request, no doubt intended as a sign to any remaining enemies of the Jews that any hope that the anti-Jewish influence of Haman would be revived was futile.
9:31 enjoined. That is, “ordered.”
9:32 Purim. The annual feast of Purim of the Jews was established by Esther and Mordecai as two days “of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor” (Esther 9:22), in commemoration of their remarkable deliverance from their imminent annihilation as a people and nation. The name Purim, meaning “lots,” seems a strange name for a holiday, but it was based on Haman’s evil device to “cast Pur, that is, the lot...to consume them, and to destroy them” (Esther 3:7; 9:24) when the month Adar (i.e., February–March) came. This decision by the lots (possibly specially marked stones), rather than helping Haman, turned out to have been so ordered by the Lord that a wait of almost a full year was required. It thus provided ample time for all the events to be set in motion which would finally bring Haman’s evil scheme back on his own head.