New Defender's Study Bible Notes
10:4 wrote on the tables. See notes for Exodus 31:17; Deuteronomy 4:13; and Deuteronomy 9:10. Note also that the second writing was the same as the first. God’s Word does not change.
10:4 according to the first writing. When God made the first “copy” of the Scriptures, He laid down the principle for all future copies. In so far as humanly possible, copies should be meticulously accurate “according to the first writing.” The later Jewish scribes and copyists labored diligently to conform to this principle. See also the note on Jeremiah 36:2.
10:5 tables in the Ark See Exodus 40:20 and Hebrews 9:4. Also in the Ark were a pot of manna (Exodus 16:33) and Aaron’s rod that budded (Numbers 17:10).
10:6 Mosera. According to Numbers 20:27-28 and 33:38, Aaron died on Mount Hor, which was apparently located in the district of Mosera.
10:14 heaven of heavens. This is the first of at least six references in the Bible to “the heaven of heavens.” There is an atmospheric heaven and a starry heaven, but the “heaven of heavens” is the heaven where Christ after His resurrection “ascended up far above all heavens” (Ephesians 4:10). This heaven is where God’s throne is. Wherever it is, it also belongs to God and is part of His creation.
10:16 foreskin of your heart. The rite of circumcision was not merely physical; it implied a dedication of heart as well as body to the covenant of God. The Bible also speaks of an uncircumcised ear (Jeremiah 6:10) and uncircumcised lips (Exodus 6:12).
10:20 him shalt thou serve. The Lord Jesus referred to this verse in response to the temptation, when Satan promised Jesus all the world’s kingdoms if He would only worship him instead of the Father.
10:22 stars of heaven. The stars that can be seen in the heaven without a telescope number no more than about five thousand, but Moses somehow knew that there were far more than that. Therefore he compared the two or three million Israelites to the great host of heaven.