New Defender's Study Bible Notes
5:8 seven stars and Orion. The pagan worship of the stars and the gods associated with them, as practiced in the false religions of the land, was foolish, for the true Creator God had made the stars and their constellations. He had even named them (Isaiah 40:26). The “seven stars” was a popular name for the Pleiades.
5:8 day dark with night. Only Jehovah could control the day/night cycle, for He had set the earth rotating on its axis.
5:8 waters of the sea. He also controls the great waters of the earth. At one time (the great Flood), He had inundated the whole earth with them. In the present age, through the marvelous hydrologic cycle, He still brings the waters of the sea back over the lands to water the face of the earth, that life on the lands may continue.
5:14 that ye may live. Amos 5:14-15 comprises the two middle verses of the book of Amos. Their succinct message (“seek good, not evil” and “hate evil, love good”) is the central theme of the book. If obeyed, they would “live,” the Lord would be with them and be gracious to them.
5:15 remnant. Here is an implied promise that a “remnant”—even of Joseph (that is, Ephraim, or Israel) would eventually be restored.
5:18 day of the LORD. As noted (see Joel 1:15; 3:14 and other like passages), “the day of the LORD” has its ultimate fulfillment in the great tribulation period yet to come on the earth, though it may have precursive fulfillments in local judgments from time to time. Evidently some people in Amos’ day (as in ours) were looking for the Lord to come save them from their (self-induced) troubles. But this motivation is altogether wrong (we should desire rather to see the Lord Himself, and glorify Him), and may indicate, therefore, an unregenerate heart, due only for judgment.