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(And when they heard that he spake in the Hebrew tongue to them, they kept the more silence: and he saith,) °
I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day.
And they that were with me saw indeed the light, and were afraid; but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me.
And I said, What shall I do, Lord? And the Lord said unto me, Arise, and go into Damascus; and there it shall be told thee of all things which are appointed for thee to do.
And when I could not see for the glory of that light, being led by the hand of them that were with me, I came into Damascus.
And one Ananias, a devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt there,
Came unto me, and stood, and said unto me, Brother Saul, receive thy sight. And the same hour I looked up upon him.
And he said, The God of our fathers hath chosen thee, that thou shouldest know his will, and see that Just One, and shouldest hear the voice of his mouth.
For thou shalt be his witness unto all men of what thou hast seen and heard.
And now why tarriest thou? arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.
And it came to pass, that, when I was come again to Jerusalem, even while I prayed in the temple, I was in a trance;
And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting unto his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him.
And they gave him audience unto this word, and then lifted up their voices, and said, Away with such a fellow from the earth: for it is not fit that he should live.
And as they cried out, and cast off their clothes, and threw dust into the air,
And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said unto the centurion that stood by, Is it lawful ° for you to scourge a man that is a Roman, and uncondemned?
When the centurion heard that, he went and told the chief captain, saying, Take heed what thou doest: for this man is a Roman.
Then the chief captain came, and said unto him, Tell me, art thou a Roman? He ° said, Yea.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

22:3 Gamaliel. See note on Acts 5:34. Being taught by Gamaliel, Paul had received the best possible training in the Scriptures and the Jews’ religion as a whole.

22:4 persecuted this way. Paul had not only consented to the stoning of Stephen, he had been “breathing out threatenings and slaughter” (Acts 8:1; 9:1) against all the followers of Christ.

22:9 heard not the voice. That is, they could hear the sound of a voice, but could not really hear it with understanding (Acts 9:7).

22:16 arise, and be baptized. See note on Acts 9:18.

22:16 wash away thy sins. Baptism may symbolize the washing away of one’s sins, just as it symbolizes death to the old life and rising to a new life (Romans 6:4-5). But just as one does not really die while in the water, neither can physical water wash away moral and spiritual sins. These are the metaphors of baptism. The reality which they speak about is a new life in Christ, with sins forgiven and the assurance of everlasting life, received through faith in Christ as Lord and the regenerating work of the indwelling Spirit of God. Sins really are “washed away” by regeneration (Titus 3:5).

22:25 a Roman. This was the second occasion on which the apostle used his rights under Roman citizenship (see on Acts 16:37-38) as a defense. He had already been beaten several times with rods, imprisoned, and persecuted in various ways. However, the Roman scourge, or flagellum, was almost certain to be permanently crippling or even fatal, so Paul reminded his captors of his rights.

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