New Defender's Study Bible Notes
5:3 in the seventh month. Presumably this was the Feast of Tabernacles (Leviticus 23:33-43). This annual feast commemorated the wilderness wanderings, during which neither the people nor the tabernacle had a permanent home. Finally, both Israel and the temple were supposedly to be permanently settled in the promised land.
5:9 there it is unto this day. The ark and its staves were gone by the time Ezra (or someone of his generation) compiled and edited the two books of Chronicles, which climax with the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple. This section, therefore, must have been written originally by some earlier scribe, possibly during the times of Hezekiah or Josiah. Then the Chronicler decided to let the statement stand as it was, probably for the emotional impact it would have on the returning exiles as they realized the ark could never again be in the post-exile temple.
5:10 the two tables. Compare Hebrews 9:4. In addition to the two tables of the law, the ark had once contained Aaron’s rod that budded and a pot of manna (Numbers 17:10; Exodus 16:33), which were to be kept as reminders of both God’s authority and His faithfulness. Presumably these had somehow been removed during the years the ark was away from the tabernacle. The rod and manna were only symbols, of course, for God does not change. However, the tables of the law were more than symbols and could not be removed.
5:14 glory of the LORD. With the coming of the shekinah glory, God thus showed His acceptance of the temple as His symbolic dwelling place, just as He had the tabernacle in the wilderness (Exodus 40:34). As the glory once departed when the ark was taken from the tabernacle by the Philistines (I Samuel 4:22), so it later also departed when Solomon’s temple was plundered and the people taken away to Babylon (II Chronicles 36:17-20; Ezekiel 10:18; 11:23). The glory returned for a time when “the Word was made flesh, and [tabernacled] among us, (and we beheld His glory,...),” at least in a spiritual sense (John 1:14). It will be present forever in the heavenly temple, the new Jerusalem, when it comes to earth, “having the glory of God” (Revelation 21:11).