New Defender's Study Bible Notes
13:1 Abijah. This king is called Abijam in I Kings 15. The account in Chronicles contains a more complimentary record of his reign than the parallel record in Kings.
13:2 Michaiah the daughter of Uriel. Michaiah is the same as Maachah, Rehoboam’s favorite wife (II Chronicles 11:21). She was granddaughter of Absalom (same as Abishalom—I Kings 15:2). See note on II Chronicles 11:20.
13:4 Hear me, thou Jeroboam. Although he was facing an Israelite army twice as large as his own (II Chronicles 13:3), Abijah gave a bold testimony to Jeroboam and his men, reminding them that they had rebelled against the Lord and His ordained place and system of worship, presumptuously setting up their own idols, priesthood and worship centers (II Chronicles 13:6-11). He urged them unsuccessfully not to fight against God. In some way not described, God enabled Abijah to defeat the much larger army of Jeroboam. Although Abijah himself did evil in many ways (I Kings 15:3), at least on this occasion, he showed great faith in the true God and His word.
13:5 covenant of salt. A “covenant of salt” was understood in ancient nations to be permanent and unbreakable. The covenant was ratified by a meal shared by the two parties. Salt was considered then to be a very valuable and significant component of the meal. When God was one of the parties, the food was first sacrificed to Him (Leviticus 2:13; Numbers 18:19; etc.).
13:22 story of the prophet Iddo. See note on I Chronicles 29:29. The Hebrew word here for “story” is midrash. It originally meant something like a commentary. In more recent times, it came to be applied to a collection of Rabbinic comments on the Old Testament, collected between 100 B.C. and A.D. 300.