New Defender's Study Bible Notes
10:1 And Rehoboam. II Chronicles 10:1–11:4 is essentially identical, except for minor variations in wording, to I Kings 12:1-24. Refer also to the footnotes for these verses.
10:2 wither he had fled. Jeroboam had earlier led an abortive rebellion against Solomon and forced to flee to Egypt for his life (I Kings 11:26-40).
10:4 our yoke grievous. Despite his unique God-given wisdom, Solomon had placed a heavy burden of taxes and forced labor on the people (I Kings 5:13-16; 9:15-23; etc.).
10:11 scorpions. See note on I Kings 12:11.
10:15 Ahijah the Shilonite. See I Kings 11:29-40. Ahijah had deflected Jeroboam’s initial rebellion against Solomon by promising him that, because of Solomon’s apostasy, God would eventually allow the ten northern tribes of Israel (led by Jeroboam and his Ephraimite compatriots) to rebel successfully against Solomon’s successor and to become a separate kingdom under Jeroboam. Rehoboam’s foolish choice allowed this division to come to pass, but it was actually of God (II Chronicles 11:4).