New Defender's Study Bible Notes
25:1 And Samuel died. It was providential that Samuel died after Saul had acknowledged that David would become king (I Samuel 24:20), and there was at least temporary peace between them. Thus all Israel could come together to mourn Samuel.
25:7 we hurt them not. Nabal lived in Maon, near where David and his men had been for some time while fleeing from Saul (see I Samuel 23:24). While there, they had been careful not to do anything hurtful to the extensive holdings of Nabal. In fact, his men had protected Nabal’s sheep and his servants (I Samuel 25:l5-16).
25:8 find favour. David’s men had protected Nabal’s possessions against the very real threat of thieves in the large wilderness where they were (I Samuel 25:16), so it was reasonable for them to expect some kind of appreciation, especially on a feast day. For Nabal to respond as he did was inexcusable in David’s mind.
25:22 pisseth against the wall. This expression (see also I Samuel 25:34) was evidently in David’s day a depreciating way of referring to males, and was not necessarily considered a vulgarity, as it would be today. Neither was it so considered in the Elizabethan Age, when the King James translation (always faithful to the original, in so far as possible) was produced. In any case, it accurately reports David’s angry threat. It is also possible that the threat was one implying forcible castration instead of murder, in order to cut off Nabal’s possible seed and heirs.
25:25 Nabal is his name. The very name of Nabal meant “fool.” The fact that his own wife called him “this man of Belial” indicates that he was indeed a very churlish person, as well as very foolish.
25:38 the LORD smote Nabal. David learned an important lesson through Abigail’s willingness to humble herself and apologize for her husband’s churlishness—a lesson even more important for Christian believers today. “Avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord” (Romans 12:19; see Deuteronomy 32:35).
25:42 became his wife. Abigail’s wise and gracious actions not only saved the lives of many people, but demonstrated that she was, indeed, fit to be a future queen.”
25:44 Michal his daughter. This further insulting action on Saul’s part was later redressed by David when he required Michal to be returned to him (II Samuel 3:14-16).