New Defender's Study Bible Notes
6:1 four hundred and eightieth year. This is a key verse in establishing the Biblical chronology of world history, particularly the chronology of the period of the judges. The other chronological data given in the books of Joshua, Judges and Samuel, however, have been difficult to fit into this framework (though numerous harmonizations have been proposed). There may well have been occasions when the tenures of certain judges overlapped with each other or with the periods of oppression as listed in Judges, so that it would be impracticable simply to add up all the numbers as listed. This verse has perhaps been inserted, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, for the specific purpose of providing the over-all chronology which would otherwise be impossible to obtain with certainty.
However, secular archaeologists dispute the Biblical chronology, as well as the events associated with it. The problems of correlating the events of the exodus and conquest with secular chronology have not yet been fully resolved, but the many uncertainties in secular dating methods certainly do not warrant confidence in them. We can be sure the Biblical record is fully reliable, and will eventually be fully validated.
6:2 threescore cubits. The length and breadth of the temple were twice those of the tabernacle, but the overall plan was similar.
6:7 heard in the house. Here is a remarkable testimony to the engineering, architectural and construction skills of these ancient professionals. In order to erect the magnificent temple of Solomon, every portion was so carefully designed and fabricated away from the construction site itself, so the building could be completely and perfectly erected in reverent silence.
6:7 in building. In both its unique beauty and its silent assemblage, the temple is a type of the spiritual temple now being erected by the Holy Spirit. “Now therefore, ye are...built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief corner stone: In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord” (Ephesians 2:19-21).
6:18 knops. That is, “knobs.”
6:19 the oracle. The oracle, or inmost sanctuary, corresponded to the “most holy place” in the tabernacle (Exodus 26:34). It was to house the Ark of the Covenant, and was also called “the Holiest of all” (Hebrews 9:3).
6:28 the cherubims. These two large gold-covered cherubs, each almost fifteen feet tall (assuming an eighteen inch cubit) faced the front entrance to the most holy place, their outstretched wings covering the entire width of the inner sanctuary. These were in addition to the two smaller cherubim on the ark itself, and the many coverings of cherubim on the doors and walls. All these fabricated cherubim, of course, symbolized the real cherubim (the highest of the Angelic orders) that are in the presence of God in heaven.
6:38 seven years. Solomon’s temple was surely one of the most magnificent buildings ever constructed. It was not overly large, but the whole operation—designing, quarrying, transporting material, building, etc., apparently involved the labors of over 150,000 workmen and took seven years in building (I Kings 5:13-16). The seven years, perhaps providentially, corresponded at least in duration to the Lord’s seven-year sabbatical cycle (Leviticus 25:3,4.).