New Defender's Study Bible Notes
5:1 lover of David. This is political language, not personal. Hiram had cooperated in the building of David’s palace (II Samuel 5:11). Hiram was king of Tyre, but this apparently included Lebanon and Sidon (I Kings 5:6) and presumably all of Phoenicia.
5:5 the LORD my God. Note that Solomon clearly testified to Hiram that Jehovah was his God, not just the God of his father. Note also that Hiram himself acknowledged the reality of Jehovah (I Kings 5:7).
5:6 out of Lebanon. The cedar trees from Lebanon were of legendary quality, not only in the Bible but in other ancient literature.
5:13 out of all Israel. These men were probably Canaanites. See I Kings 9:20-22.
5:17 great stones. These huge stones were cut out of an extensive quarry deep under the city, rediscovered only in the mid-19th century.