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And David perceived that the LORD had confirmed him king over Israel, for his kingdom was lifted up on high, because of his people Israel.
Now these are the names of his children which he had in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon,
And when the Philistines heard that David was anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek David. And David heard of it, and went out against them.
And the Philistines came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
And David inquired of God, saying, Shall I go up against the Philistines? and wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto him, Go up; for I will deliver them into thine hand.
So they came up to Baalperazim; and David smote them there. Then David said, God hath broken in upon mine enemies by mine hand like the breaking forth of waters: therefore they called the name of that place Baalperazim.
And when they had left their gods there, David gave a commandment, and they were burned with fire.
And the Philistines yet again spread themselves abroad in the valley.
Therefore David inquired again of God; and God said unto him, Go not up after them; turn away from them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.
And it shall be, when thou shalt hear a sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt go out to battle: for God is gone forth before thee to smite the host of the Philistines.
David therefore did as God commanded him: and they smote the host of the Philistines from Gibeon even to Gazer.
And the fame of David went out into all lands; and the LORD brought the fear of him upon all nations.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

14:1 Now Hiram. I Chronicles 14:1-7 is almost the same as II Samuel 5:11-16. The writers of both books no doubt drew information from the same or similar sources.

14:2 king over Israel. The contention of some liberals that the story of King David is fictional was falsified when a stone inscription was excavated in 1993 in Galilee containing a reference to the “house of David,” and referring to David as “king of Israel.” There also exists a Moabite inscription referring to “the house of David.”

14:4 Shammua. The four sons listed in this verse were all sons of Bathsheba. See I Chronicles 3:5.

14:5 And Elpalet. Elpalet, Nogah, and Japhia are listed here as David’s sons, in addition to those duplicated from II Samuel 5:14-16.

14:15 sound of going. See note on II Samuel 5:24.

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