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To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good.

A Psalm of David. LORD, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy holy hill?

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: And he said, I will love thee, O LORD, my strength.

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament showeth his handiwork.

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. The LORD hear thee in the day of trouble; the name of the God of Jacob defend thee;

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David. The king shall joy in thy strength, O LORD; and in thy salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!

To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David. My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?

A Psalm of David. The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want.

A Psalm of David. The earth is the LORD'S, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.

A Psalm of David. Unto thee, O LORD, do I lift up my soul.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

19:19 magnified thy mercy. This first reference in the Bible to God’s “mercy” is described quite properly by Lot as “magnified.” God’s mercy is also said to be “from everlasting to everlasting” (Psalm 103:17), and as great “as the heaven is high above the earth” (Psalm 103:11). He is “rich in mercy” (Ephesians 2:4) and has shown “abundant mercy” (I Peter 1:3) in saving us. God’s mercy is appropriately described in superlatives!

20:7 a prophet. This is the first use of the word “prophet” or “prophecy” in Scripture. As the context indicates, its meaning is not primarily that of foretelling the future, but of being God’s spokesman, conveying His words by divine inspiration to man (compare II Peter 1:19-21). God exacts strong punishment on any who harm His prophets, even when they themselves are blameworthy (Psalm 105:15).

25:22 struggled together within her. Babies have real feelings, thoughts and personalities even before birth. This is clear Biblically (Psalm 139:14-16; Ecclesiastes 11:5; Luke 1:44; etc.), and is being increasingly confirmed by modern scientific monitoring of embryonic children growing in the womb.

35:19 Ephrath, which is Beth-lehem. It was here that Rachel died and here that Jesus was born, as prophesied in Micah 5:2. Rachel’s son Benjamin (“son of my right hand,” first named by Rachel, Benoni, “son of pain”) was the progenitor of the tribe that would eventually inhabit this portion of the Promised Land. Hence the phrase, “Rachel weeping for her children” (Matthew 2:18; Jeremiah 3l:15), when Herod sought to slay the male children of Bethlehem. Note also the reference to Ephratah in Psalm 132:6.

39:20 in the prison. More detailed information about the sufferings of Joseph in the prison are given in Psalm 105:17-18.

21:6 bore his ear. This ordinance is very significant, being the first given after the ten commandments. This first ordinance and those that follow center first on the most humble members of society (the slaves–recognizing the then-universal existence of slavery, and ameliorating the practice), then on other people, then on property–thus establishing God’s priorities. Second, right at the beginning of the dispensation of Law, we are given a typological picture of God’s Servant, who would someday come to bear the curse of the Law for us, saving us by His grace. The slave, with full right to be set free in his seventh year, chooses rather to stay in the will of his master, listening to his voice only–symbolized and sealed by the opening in his ear. Just so, Christ said prophetically: “Mine ears hast thou opened:...Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me, I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart” (Psalm 40:6-8). The fulfillment of this prophecy is described in Hebrews 10:5-10. There, the opening of the ears of the servant is included in the preparation of the Lord’s human body “to do thy will, O God... By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all” (Hebrews 10:7,10).

22:8 unto the judges. The word “judges” here and in Exodus 22:9 is elohim, the Hebrew word for “God.” It is a plural noun, and is sometimes rendered “gods” (e.g., Psalm 82:1). These judges were authorized to enforce God’s law and thus were considered, when sitting in judgment, as representing Him. See the reference by the Lord Jesus in John 10:34,35.

27:1 altar of shittim wood. The altar would eventually receive countless sacrificial animals, offered as burnt offerings (Leviticus 4:7), while bound to the horns of the altar (Psalm 118:27). Although most altars in ancient times did not have horns, at least one horned altar has been excavated near Beersheba. It is significant that sacrifice for sin was essential before coming into God’s presence.

30:1 altar to burn incense. The incense burning daily would come to represent the prayers of God’s people (Psalm 141:2; Luke 1:10; Revelation 8:4). This altar was just in front of the great veil at the mercy seat (Exodus 30:6).

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