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Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

Now the rest of the acts of Jehoahaz, and all that he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, and his might wherewith he fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash which he did, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

And the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

And the rest of the acts of Azariah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

And the rest of the acts of Zachariah, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

And the rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

23:16 fifty days. The Lord “came down” at Sinai on the fiftieth day after the first Passover (Exodus 12:6; 19:1, 11), just as the Holy Spirit came down fifty days after Christ’s crucifixion (Acts 1:3-4; 2:1-4).

24:11 blasphemed the name of the LORD. In our modern age of rebellion against our Creator, this sin would hardly be noticed, it’s so common. Nevertheless, it is enormously evil for anyone to curse the God who has given Him “life, and breath, and all things” (Acts 17:25). Its guilt would surely be greatest of all for those who had seen God do so many mighty miracles, and had received God’s commandments directly on tables of stone. Such a person had cut himself off from his very reason for existence, and it would be best to terminate that existence before such gross sin could become contagious. Capital punishment would be entirely appropriate for so defiling a people called to be fully dedicated to God and who had voluntarily accepted the call (Exodus 24:3).

25:23 the land is mine. The principle of divine ownership of the land applies not only to Israel, but to all nations (Psalm 24:1; Acts 17:26). The principle applies with special emphasis to the true Christian, whose very body belongs to the Lord (I Corinthians 6:19,20).

1:3 go forth to war. This census was commanded by God with military preparedness in view, as the Israelites would have to defeat the pagan nations in Canaan if they were to claim the promised land. This generation, however, would instead have to die in the wilderness because of their lack of faith that God would enable them to do this (Numbers 14:26-35). l:18 assembled all the congregation. It is interesting that the Greek word used to translate “congregation” in the Septuagint is ecclesia, the New Testament word for “church.” Stephen actually called this congregation “the church in the wilderness” (Acts 7:38). Another word used for church in the New Testament is “assembly” (James 2:2; note also Hebrews 10:25). This assembly of “all the congregations,” probably numbering in the millions, thus might be considered a type of the coming “general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven” (Hebrews 12:23), which will all be called together in heaven at the return of Christ.

17:5 whom I shall choose. The man whom God chooses must be uniquely associated with resurrection life, as typified by the one rod out of all the rest. These rods were nothing but dead sticks of wood as they were placed before the Lord, yet the one miraculously brought to life and “brought forth buds, and bloomed blossoms, and yielded almonds” (Numbers 17:8)–all in just one night! Similarly, Paul told the pagans who worshipped many “gods” that the true God will judge the whole world by that one “man whom He hath ordained; whereof He hath given assurance unto all men, in that He hath raised Him from the dead” (Acts 17:31).

18:4 shalt thou give him. The same principle of support by the people of God for those who serve the Lord in a full time capacity has applied in every age. Note I Corinthians 9:7-14. “They which preach the gospel should live of the gospel.” 18:10 witch. The naturalistic assumptions that have prevailed in western nations during the age of science are rapidly being displaced by the revival of occultic practices in the so-called New Age movement. All such beliefs and practices, however, are demonic wherever they are not based solely on deception. God classifies such practices as abominations. They are so dangerous that they were actually classified in the Mosaic laws as capital crimes (e.g., Exodus 22:18). 18:18 a Prophet. This divine promise to Moses was eventually fulfilled in Christ (Acts 3:22,23). Christ was a greater prophet than Moses, is a greater priest than Aaron, and will be a greater king than David. He did indeed speak the words given Him by the Father. “As my Father hath taught me, I speak these things,” He said (John 8:28). “For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, He gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak” (John 12:49). 18:22 if the thing follow not. When a prophecy truly comes from God, it will surely come to pass. There are many so-called psychics today who predict many things, most of which never happen. These false prophets can be ignored. There are some, however, who seem really to have supernatural prescience. These also must be rejected unless they are meticulously true to Scripture, giving all honor to Christ as Creator, Savior and Lord (see note on Deuteronomy 13:3). In fact, the New Testament teaches that, “when that which is perfect is come” (probably meaning the completed Word of God in inscripturated form) then prophecies shall cease and “that which is in part shall be done away” (I Corinthians 13:8-10; see also Revelation 22:18). 19:2 three cities. On the cities of refuge, see also Numbers 35:9-15 and Deuteronomy 4:41-43. There were to be three cities on the east side of Jordan and three on the west side. The “three cities more” (Deuteronomy 19:9) were evidently to be added later, after further expansion of Israel’s territory, but no further mention is made of them.

19:15 two witnesses. Although two or more reliable witnesses were required to establish guilt in relation to a criminal charge, it was not always essential that these be eye-witnesses of the actual crime–otherwise many criminals could escape conviction by being careful to commit their acts when no more than one witness was present. The witness could, if necessary, be some other type of relevant evidence (compare Leviticus 5:1, which refers to evidence either seen or known; also Exodus 22:13, which speaks of some physical evidence as witness). See also note on Deuteronomy 17:6.

21:2 measure unto the cities. Each city was thus given responsibility to control crime (murder being the most extreme) within its own jurisdiction, with the city’s elders in charge. An unsolved murder within its jurisdiction had to be dealt with by the substitutionary sacrifice of an innocent animal in order to cleanse the city and its citizens of guilt for the crime. 21:21 that he die. Records indicate no rebellious son was ever put to death under this law. Every father elected to spare his own son, no matter how sinful the son might have been. Only Christ, the perfectly obedient Son (John 17:4; 8:29) was not spared (Romans 8:32). 21:23 accursed of God. The reason why a person executed by hanging on a tree is specially cursed is not explained. It probably is because of its prophetic implications, anticipating the future death of Christ when He would bear “our sins in His own body on the tree” (I Peter 2:24). Ever since Adam’s sin brought God’s curse of death on the earth (Genesis 3:17-19), the whole creation had been awaiting the time when Christ would be “made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree” (Galatians 3:13). The primeval curse was occasioned because Adam ate the delectable fruit of the tree of temptation; therefore, the second Adam must Himself become the bitter fruit on the tree of salvation. As Christ must be buried before sundown to avoid profaning the sabbath (John 19:31), so every previous criminal executed by hanging or by crucifixion (which practice had not yet been introduced in Moses’ day) must likewise be buried before sundown in order not to delay a receipt of the accursed victim by the cursed ground. That Christ was actually “hanged on a tree” is confirmed three times in the New Testament (Acts 5:30; 10:39; 13:29). 22:5 a woman’s garment. Although this commandment, as a part of the Mosaic code, may no longer be legalistically binding in the Christian dispensation, it clearly indicates God’s desire to maintain the distinctiveness of men and women. Each sex has a specific role to fulfill in the divine economy, and the modern “unisex” fad–not to mention such perversions as homosexuality and transvestitism–can only corrupt and confuse His revealed purposes for men and women in the ideal created order.

33:1 blessed the children of Israel. When Jacob gave his prophecies relative to his twelve sons (Genesis 49:1-28), he was thinking especially of the personal character of each of the twelve, with the ways that character would manifest itself in the character of the tribe that would descend from him. Moses, however did not know the twelve patriarchs personally, but had become very familiar with the characteristics of their respective tribes. His prophetic blessings, therefore, deal more with the respective tribes as Moses had come to know them. 33:2 ten thousands of saints. Evidently there were myriads of holy ones with God on Mount Sinai as His right hand wrote the commandments for Israel on tables of stone. Note also references to angels at the giving of the law in Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19; and Hebrews 2:2.

24:32 bones of Joseph. Joseph’s dying request was thus finally fulfilled (Genesis 50:25; Exodus 13:19). 24:32 ground which Jacob bought. Compare Genesis 33:19; Acts 7:15-16. Abraham presumably had originally bought this property from Hamor, but in the long absence of Isaac and Jacob, the Shechemites had taken possession of it again. Jacob then repurchased it.

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