New Defender's Study Bible Notes
10:18 before governors. This would obviously not happen during the disciples’ first missionary journey around Israel, but it was fulfilled in intense measure later. Jesus was giving instructions to His disciples not only for their immediate assignment, but for the future worldwide evangelization ministry He would give them, and all subsequent disciples. The instructions from Matthew 10:16 to the end of the chapter, therefore, apply to all believers from then until “the Son of man be come” (Matthew 10:23).
10:24 master. Christ is our master (or “teacher”); we are His disciples (or students). Also, He is our “lord” (“ruler”); we are His servants (actually slaves). The disciple must believe what his master teaches, and the servant must do what his lord commands. It is interesting to note that Christians are called disciples only in the four gospels and the book of Acts, never in the epistles. They are called His servants, however, throughout eternity (Revelation 22:3).
10:24 lord. Compare John 15:19. The world hates Christ because He said, “I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil” (John 7:7). It is not strange, then, that the world will hate His servants, for they must preach the same truths.
10:29 farthing. Jesus also said that “five sparrows [are] sold for two farthings” (Luke 12:6). Evidently the sparrow merchants of that day had already introduced the sales method of quantity discounts!
10:29 without your Father. God cares deeply about every creature in His creation. Man has been given dominion over all of them, but as a steward, not a spoiler (Genesis 1:26-28; see especially Job 38–39).