New Defender's Study Bible Notes
15:35 Elias. When Christ called out: “Eloi, Eloi” (addressing God), some mistook Him as calling on Elijah. Already smitten in conscience for the crime being committed, and knowing the Old Testament prophecy of the future return of the translated Elijah (Malachi 4:5), some were suddenly fearful that this might be the time when Elijah would “come and smite the earth with a curse” (Malachi 4:6). At this time, having already endured in full measure the three hours of hell (complete separation from the Father) on the cross (see notes on Matthew 27:45,50), He accepted the vinegar He had previously refused (see note on Matthew 27:34), in fulfillment of the one final prophecy yet to be fulfilled in the crucifixion (Psalm 69:21—see John 19:28-30), and then volitionally “gave up the ghost” (Mark 15:37).