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And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign ° themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor.
Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or no?
And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which be Caesar's, and unto God the things which be God's.
And they could not take hold of his words before the people: and they marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.
Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him,
But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage:
Neither ° can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.
For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.
And after that they durst not ask him any question at all.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

20:24 penny. See note on Matthew 20:10.

20:25 unto Caesar. “Caesar” was, of course, the name of the Roman emperor, but here his name is used to mean governmental authority in general. This well-known saying was the answer given by Christ to the “spies, which should feign themselves just men” (Luke 20:20) sent by the hypocritical chief priests and scribes looking for an excuse to accuse Him of subversive teachings against the Romans. Jesus not only silenced them (Luke 20:26), but also confirmed the fact that Christians should pay legitimate taxes to support the legitimate government (Romans 13:6-7).

20:27 Sadducees. This encounter with the Sadducees who were trying to trap Jesus is given also in Matthew 22 and Mark 12. The same is true for most of the other events and conversations here in Luke 20. Explanatory comments are found in those chapters, as necessary.

20:28 Moses wrote. This reference is to the so-called Levirate law, in Deuteronomy 25:5-6.

20:35 neither marry. So far as marriage is concerned at least, after the resurrection, we shall be “as the angels of God in heaven.” See note on Matthew 22:30.

20:37 he calleth the Lord. See Exodus 3:6.

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