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And these are the kings of the country which Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this side Jordan on the west, from Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon even unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel for a possession according to their divisions;

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

12:7 are the kings. It is significant that several of the cities in this list were named in the famous Tel-el-Amarna tablets, excavated in Egypt in the late nineteenth century. These tablets were letters requesting help from Egypt against invaders called Habiru, a term which might (though this is still controversial) be equivalent to Hebrew.

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