New Defender's Study Bible Notes
54:8 for a moment. The “little wrath” visited by God on rebellious Israel over many generations will soon be forgotten in view of God’s “everlasting kindness” in the ages to come. The same principle applies to God’s suffering people from every nation.
54:9 waters of Noah. Note that Isaiah here attests to the historical reality of the worldwide Flood and the perpetuity of the Noahic covenant.