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New Defender's Study Bible Notes

21:11 very grievous. Sarah’s insistence that Hagar and Ishmael be cast out was very grievous to Abraham, not only because of his personal concern for them, but because it was expected of a man in those days (according to the Nuzi tablets) to provide support for a surrogate wife and her children, even if the true wife should later be able to have a child of her own. The latter would legally be the heir, but the former would still be considered in the family.

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