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Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.
And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, show whether ° of these two thou hast chosen,
That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

1:22 witness with us. Another requirement for being a member of the twelve apostles was that he must have witnessed the resurrected Christ. Note also I Corinthians 9:1.

1:25 his own place. Although Judas had walked with Christ and the other apostles for over three years, he was out of place there all the time. He was actually “a devil,” according to Christ Himself (John 6:70) and the “son of perdition” (John 17:12), because he had allowed himself, via his cupidity, actually to become possessed and controlled by Satan (John 13:2,27).

1:26 lots. Casting lots after prayer seems occasionally to have been an accepted way of determining God’s will in Old Testament times. “The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of the LORD” (Proverbs 16:33). With the coming of the Holy Spirit to guide the church, however, He is to be our guide, in accordance with Scripture. There are no further instances recorded of churches making decisions by casting lots.

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