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And the men of Kirjathjearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD.
And it came to pass, while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years: and all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

7:1 Kirjath-jearim. Kirjath-jearim was a city belonging to Benjamin (Joshua 18:21,28), as also were Ramah and Mizpeh (note I Samuel 7:6,17). However, Eleazar was presumably qualified to be a priest and, since he and all the house of Abinadab treated the ark reverently, no harm resulted to Abinadab and his household during the years the ark remained there.

7:2 twenty years. The ark was not removed from Abinadab’s house until well after the long judgeship of Samuel, the forty-year reign of Saul, and at least eight years of David’s reign (I Samuel 7:1; Acts 13:21; II Samuel 5:5). The twenty years mentioned in this verse probably represents the time until Samuel called the people together at Mizpeh, followed by their repentance and subsequent victory over the Philistines (I Samuel 7:3-13).

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