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New Defender's Study Bible Notes

4:6 spirit of error. The “spirit of truth” is the Holy Spirit, (John 15:26), and His leading will always be consistent with God’s Word, which is truth (Psalm 33:4; John 17:17). The “spirit of error” (literally, “fraudulent error” or “deception”) is Satan or his angels, whose leading is “of the world” (II Peter 4:5). See note on II Peter 4:4.

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