New Defender's Study Bible Notes
19:2 to Isaiah the prophet. This is the first mention of Isaiah in the books of Kings. However, he had been prophesying in Judah for some forty years, ever since the days of King Uzziah (Isaiah 1:1).
19:4 remnant that are left. This is the second mention of “the remnant” (Hebrew sherith) in the Bible. The first was in Genesis 45:7, when Joseph assured his brothers that God had sent him to preserve for them a “posterity” in the earth. The doctrine of the remnant is prominent in the writings of Isaiah and the other prophets. Note also II Kings 19:31, as well as Romans 11:5 in the New Testament. Even among God’s chosen people, as well as among professing “Christians” in this age, there is always only a “little flock” (Luke 12:32) that inherit the kingdom.
19:7 in his own land. This prophecy was literally fulfilled later when Sennacherib was slain by two of his own sons (II Kings 19:36-37). This event is also found described in an Assyrian inscription.
19:12 Gozan, and Haran. The cities mentioned in II Kings 19:12-13 were cities of Syria and Mesopotamia.
19:14 spread it before the LORD. The Lord certainly did not need to read the blasphemous letter of the Assyrian king in order to know what it contained. Nevertheless, it pleases Him when we “remind” Him of His promises and of our dependence on Him.
19:15 between the cherubims. The cherubims at Eden’s gate (Genesis 3:24) and their replicas over the mercy-seat in the tabernacle (Hebrews 9:5) indicated the presence of God as He came to meet with His people on earth. We can, like Hezekiah, enter His presence on His heavenly throne through the amazing privilege of prayer.
19:15 made heaven and earth. Despite the insulting blasphemies of Rabshakeh, insinuating that Jehovah was only one “god” among the many “gods” of the heathen, Hezekiah realized (as should we!) that He is the very Creator of the universe.
19:27 thy rage. When “the heathen rage” against the God of creation, as Sennacherib did, and as modern humanists do, we need not be fearful; God knows all about it and will eventually “have them in derision” (Psalm 2:1,4).
19:29 the third year. For two years the people of Judah would be sustained by the natural growth from crops previously planted. But then the Assyrians would suddenly depart (II Kings 19:36) and then they could resume normal farming operations.
19:35 hundred fourscore and five thousand. A number of naturalistic explanations have been proffered in an attempt to account for this extraordinary event, but none can suffice. The sudden death of 185,000 soldiers without assistance from any human or other natural agency cannot possibly be explained except as a supernatural event. The phrase “the angel of the LORD” commonly applies to a theophany, God Himself (in the person of the pre-incarnate Christ) manifesting Himself in this capacity. He who is the Giver of all life can surely take it away. An account of Sennacherib’s invasion of Judah and siege of Jerusalem has been found on an Assyrian clay prism. It mentions Hezekiah but, significantly, says nothing about his own catastrophic defeat at Jerusalem. His assassination by his sons (II Kings 19:7,36-37) is mentioned in another Assyrian inscription.