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Dragons: Legends & Lore of Dinosaurs This fascinating presentation on dragons and their biblical connection sheds light on the truth of their existence and their connection to the last living dinosaurs. Dragons—these powerful, fire-breathing, fantastic beings have left their legacy on this world and can now only be found in the pages of ancient texts. Dragons: Legends & Lore of Dinosaurs explores the days of these amazing creatures and their presence in various cultures, including Asia, the Americas, and Europe. Read about dragons’ thrilling historical battles with saints, and their ability to terrorize medieval castles. See mystical fantasies brought to life as the truth is revealed. A great gift for kids, this special book is casebound and beautifully presented, using original illustrations, envelopes, fold-outs, gatefolds, and more! This beautiful, full-color book is only $17.95 (plus shipping and handling). Click here to order Dragons: Legends & Lore of Dinosaurs. 

Host an ICR Demand the Evidence Conference at Your Church Bring creation truth to your area with an ICR conference. Speakers include Henry Morris III, John Morris, Randy Guliuzza, Nathaniel Jeanson, Frank Sherwin, and other ICR science experts. Choose our most popular Sunday format. ICR will provide teachers for combined children, youth, and adult Sunday school classes, along with Sunday morning and evening speakers and optional afternoon Q&A sessions. Discover the answers to these and other questions: Can Genesis be trusted when it says God created the world in six days? What does belief in evolution say about the character of God? Is the earth really millions or billions of years old? Who has the last word on interpreting what God said and did—scientists or Scripture? Are Christians prepared to combat false doctrine and those who would compromise the Word of God? For more information on scheduling a DTE conference or other ICR event, visit www.icr.org/events, email events@icr.org, or call 800.337.0375. Sample Sunday Conference Schedule 8:30 a.m.   Resource tables open   9:00 a.m.   FIRST HOUR - Worship Service Dr. Henry Morris III The Controversy Over Creation: Why does Creation create such strong reactions?   Dr. Henry Morris III holds four earned degrees, including a D.Min. from Luther Rice Seminary and the Presidents and Key Executives MBA from Pepperdine University. A former college professor, administrator, business executive, and senior pastor, Dr. Morris is an articulate and passionate speaker frequently invited to address church congregations, college assemblies, and national conferences. The eldest son of ICR's founder, Dr. Morris has served for many years in conference and writing ministry. His love for the Word of God and passion for Christian maturity, coupled with God's gift of teaching, has given Dr. Morris a broad and effective ministry over the years. He has authored numerous articles and books, including The Big Three: Major Events that Changed History Forever, Exploring the Evidence for Creation, and 5 Reasons to Believe in Recent Creation.     9:00 a.m.   Combined Adult Sunday School Dr. Randy Guliuzza The Importance of the Doctrine of Creation   Dr. Randy Guliuzza is a captivating speaker who presents well-documented and often humorous scientific and biblical talks to audiences of all ages. He has represented ICR in several scientific debates at secular universities and in other forums. Dr. Guliuzza has a B.S. in Engineering from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, a B.A. in theology from Moody Bible Institute, an M.D. from the University of Minnesota, and a Masters in Public Health from Harvard University. Dr. Guliuzza served nine years in the Navy Civil Engineer Corps and is a registered Professional Engineer. In 2008, he retired as Lt. Col. from the U.S. Air Force, where he served as Flight Surgeon and Chief of Aerospace Medicine. He is the author of the recently released book Made in His Image.     9:00 a.m. FOR THE KIDS - Combined Elementary Sunday School Dr. John Morris Dinosaurs!   Dr. John Morris, perhaps best known for leading expeditions to Mt. Ararat in search of Noah's Ark, served on the University of Oklahoma faculty before joining the Institute for Creation Research in 1984. He received his Doctorate in Geological Engineering at the University of Oklahoma in 1980. Dr. Morris held the position of Professor of Geology before being appointed President in 1996. He travels widely around the world speaking at churches, conferences, schools, and scientific meetings. Dr. Morris has written numerous books and articles on the scientific evidence that supports the Bible. Dr. Morris is the author or co-author of such books as The Young Earth, The Modern Creation Trilogy, and the newly released The Fossil Record: Unearthing Nature's History of Life.         9:00 a.m.   YOUTH EMPHASIS - Jr. High/Sr. High Sunday School Mr. Lalo Gunther The Genesis Worldview   Before becoming a Christian in 1995, Lalo Gunther was a member of a gang in southern California. He was saved after a police officer witnessed to him about Christ, and he left his former lifestyle behind. He graduated from San Diego Christian College (formerly Christian Heritage College, co-founded by ICR founder Dr. Henry Morris) and went to work in ICR's distribution warehouse in 2000, eventually managing ICR's warehouse operations. Mr. Gunther is a former youth pastor and has a passion for conveying the truth of the gospel to young people. He currently serves as ICR's Special Events Coordinator and represents ICR at numerous conferences and seminars around the country each year.     10:30 a.m. SECOND HOUR - Worship Service Dr. Henry Morris III The Controversy Over Creation: Why does Creation create such strong reactions?   Dr. Henry Morris III holds four earned degrees, including a D.Min. from Luther Rice Seminary and the Presidents and Key Executives MBA from Pepperdine University. A former college professor, administrator, business executive, and senior pastor, Dr. Morris is an articulate and passionate speaker frequently invited to address church congregations, college assemblies, and national conferences. The eldest son of ICR's founder, Dr. Morris has served for many years in conference and writing ministry. His love for the Word of God and passion for Christian maturity, coupled with God's gift of teaching, has given Dr. Morris a broad and effective ministry over the years. He has authored numerous articles and books, including The Big Three: Major Events that Changed History Forever, Exploring the Evidence for Creation, and 5 Reasons to Believe in Recent Creation.       10:30 a.m. Combined Adult Sunday School Dr. Randy Guliuzza The Importance of the Doctrine of Creation   Dr. Randy Guliuzza is a captivating speaker who presents well-documented and often humorous scientific and biblical talks to audiences of all ages. He has represented ICR in several scientific debates at secular universities and in other forums. Dr. Guliuzza has a B.S. in Engineering from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, a B.A. in theology from Moody Bible Institute, an M.D. from the University of Minnesota, and a Masters in Public Health from Harvard University. Dr. Guliuzza served nine years in the Navy Civil Engineer Corps and is a registered Professional Engineer. In 2008, he retired as Lt. Col. from the U.S. Air Force, where he served as Flight Surgeon and Chief of Aerospace Medicine. He is the author of the recently released book Made in His Image.     10:30 a.m.   College (20-somethings) Dr. Nathaniel Jeanson The Bible and Biological Change   After receiving his Ph.D. in cell and developmental biology from Harvard Medical School in 2009, Dr. Nathaniel Jeanson joined ICR as a Research Associate. While at Harvard, he assisted in adult stem cell research, specifically on the role of Vitamin D in regulating blood stem cells. Dr. Jeanson has a B.S. in Molecular Biology and Bioinformatics from the University of Wisconsin-Parkside, where his research efforts involved working with single-celled algae to decipher molecular mechanisms of plant function. Additionally, he has submitted testimony to the Massachusetts governing bodies in opposition to human embryonic stem cell research and has been a panelist at the Massachusetts Citizens for Life convention. Currently, Dr. Jeanson’s research at ICR involves the investigation of molecular mechanisms of biological change from a young-earth perspective. He also serves as a member of the Master Faculty of ICR’s School of Biblical Apologetics. He regularly contributes research articles to ICR's monthly magazine Acts & Facts.     12:00 p.m. Lunch, Resource Tables, Book Signings     1:00 p.m. FOR THE WHOLE FAMILY Dr. Randy Guliuzza Made in His Image   Dr. Randy Guliuzza is a captivating speaker who presents well-documented and often humorous scientific and biblical talks to audiences of all ages. He has represented ICR in several scientific debates at secular universities and in other forums. Dr. Guliuzza has a B.S. in Engineering from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, a B.A. in theology from Moody Bible Institute, an M.D. from the University of Minnesota, and a Masters in Public Health from Harvard University. Dr. Guliuzza served nine years in the Navy Civil Engineer Corps and is a registered Professional Engineer. In 2008, he retired as Lt. Col. from the U.S. Air Force, where he served as Flight Surgeon and Chief of Aerospace Medicine. He is the author of the recently released book Made in His Image.     2:00 p.m. Creation Science Q&A Panel Discussion   Pick up a 3x5 card at the ICR Resource Table during the morning services and write down your question. Turn these cards in BEFORE LUNCH. The Panel will cover as many questions as time permits.   6:00 p.m. EVENING SERVICE Dr. John Morris The Fossil Record   Dr. John Morris, perhaps best known for leading expeditions to Mt. Ararat in search of Noah's Ark, served on the University of Oklahoma faculty before joining the Institute for Creation Research in 1984. He received his Doctorate in Geological Engineering at the University of Oklahoma in 1980. Dr. Morris held the position of Professor of Geology before being appointed President in 1996. He travels widely around the world speaking at churches, conferences, schools, and scientific meetings. Dr. Morris has written numerous books and articles on the scientific evidence that supports the Bible. Dr. Morris is the author or co-author of such books as The Young Earth, The Modern Creation Trilogy, and the newly released The Fossil Record: Unearthing Nature's History of Life.          

The Scientific Case Against Evolution by Henry M. Morris, Ph.D. Belief in evolution is a remarkable phenomenon. It is a belief passionately defended by the scientific establishment, despite the lack of any observable scientific evidence for macroevolution (that is, evolution from one distinct kind of organism into another). This odd situation is briefly documented here by citing recent statements from leading evolutionists admitting their lack of proof. These statements inadvertently show that evolution on any significant scale does not occur at present, and never happened in the past, and could never happen at all. Evolution Is Not Happening Now First of all, the lack of a case for evolution is clear from the fact that no one has ever seen it happen. If it were a real process, evolution should still be occurring, and there should be many "transitional" forms that we could observe. What we see instead, of course, is an array of distinct "kinds" of plants and animals with many varieties within each kind, but with very clear and -- apparently -- unbridgeable gaps between the kinds. That is, for example, there are many varieties of dogs and many varieties of cats, but no "dats" or "cogs." Such variation is often called microevolution, and these minor horizontal (or downward) changes occur fairly often, but such changes are not true "vertical" evolution. Evolutionary geneticists have often experimented on fruit flies and other rapidly reproducing species to induce mutational changes hoping they would lead to new and better species, but these have all failed to accomplish their goal. No truly new species has ever been produced, let alone a new "basic kind." A current leading evolutionist, Jeffrey Schwartz, professor of anthropology at the University of Pittsburgh, has recently acknowledged that: . . . it was and still is the case that, with the exception of Dobzhansky's claim about a new species of fruit fly, the formation of a new species, by any mechanism, has never been observed.1 The scientific method traditionally has required experimental observation and replication. The fact that macroevolution (as distinct from microevolution) has never been observed would seem to exclude it from the domain of true science. Even Ernst Mayr, the dean of living evolutionists, longtime professor of biology at Harvard, who has alleged that evolution is a "simple fact," nevertheless agrees that it is an "historical science" for which "laws and experiments are inappropriate techniques"2 by which to explain it. One can never actually see evolution in action. Evolution Never Happened in the Past Evolutionists commonly answer the above criticism by claiming that evolution goes too slowly for us to see it happening today. They used to claim that the real evidence for evolution was in the fossil record of the past, but the fact is that the billions of known fossils do not include a single unequivocal transitional form with transitional structures in the process of evolving. Given that evolution, according to Darwin, was in a continual state of motion . . . it followed logically that the fossil record should be rife with examples of transitional forms leading from the less to the more evolved.3 Even those who believe in rapid evolution recognize that a considerable number of generations would be required for one distinct "kind" to evolve into another more complex kind. There ought, therefore, to be a considerable number of true transitional structures preserved in the fossils -- after all, there are billions of non-transitional structures there! But (with the exception of a few very doubtful creatures such as the controversial feathered dinosaurs and the alleged walking whales), they are not there. Instead of filling in the gaps in the fossil record with so-called missing links, most paleontologists found themselves facing a situation in which there were only gaps in the fossil record, with no evidence of transformational intermediates between documented fossil species.4 The entire history of evolution from the evolution of life from non-life to the evolution of vertebrates from invertebrates to the evolution of man from the ape is strikingly devoid of intermediates: the links are all missing in the fossil record, just as they are in the present world. With respect to the origin of life, a leading researcher in this field, Leslie Orgel, after noting that neither proteins nor nucleic acids could have arisen without the other, concludes: And so, at first glance, one might have to conclude that life could never, in fact, have originated by chemical means.5 Being committed to total evolution as he is, Dr. Orgel cannot accept any such conclusion as that. Therefore, he speculates that RNA may have come first, but then he still has to admit that: The precise events giving rise to the RNA world remain unclear. . . . investigators have proposed many hypotheses, but evidence in favor of each of them is fragmentary at best.6 Translation: "There is no known way by which life could have arisen naturalistically." Unfortunately, two generations of students have been taught that Stanley Miller's famous experiment on a gaseous mixture, practically proved the naturalistic origin of life. But not so! Miller put the whole thing in a ball, gave it an electric charge, and waited. He found that amino acids and other fundamental complex molecules were accumulating at the bottom of the apparatus. His discovery gave a huge boost to the scientific investigation of the origin of life. Indeed, for some time it seemed like creation of life in a test tube was within reach of experimental science. Unfortunately, such experiments have not progressed much further than the original prototype, leaving us with a sour aftertaste from the primordial soup.7 Neither is there any clue as to how the one-celled organisms of the primordial world could have evolved into the vast array of complex multi-celled invertebrates of the Cambrian period. Even dogmatic evolutionist Gould admits that: The Cambrian explosion was the most remarkable and puzzling event in the history of life.8 Equally puzzling, however, is how some invertebrate creature in the ancient ocean, with all its "hard parts" on the outside, managed to evolve into the first vertebrate -- that is, the first fish-- with its hard parts all on the inside. Yet the transition from spineless invertebrates to the first backboned fishes is still shrouded in mystery, and many theories abound.9 Other gaps are abundant, with no real transitional series anywhere. A very bitter opponent of creation science, paleontologist, Niles Eldredge, has acknowledged that there is little, if any, evidence of evolutionary transitions in the fossil record. Instead, things remain the same! It is a simple ineluctable truth that virtually all members of a biota remain basically stable, with minor fluctuations, throughout their durations. . . .10 So how do evolutionists arrive at their evolutionary trees from fossils of oganisms which didn't change during their durations? Fossil discoveries can muddle over attempts to construct simple evolutionary trees -- fossils from key periods are often not intermediates, but rather hodge podges of defining features of many different groups. . . . Generally, it seems that major groups are not assembled in a simple linear or progressive manner -- new features are often "cut and pasted" on different groups at different times.11 As far as ape/human intermediates are concerned, the same is true, although anthropologists have been eagerly searching for them for many years. Many have been proposed, but each has been rejected in turn. All that paleoanthropologists have to show for more than 100 years of digging are remains from fewer than 2000 of our ancestors. They have used this assortment of jawbones, teeth and fossilized scraps, together with molecular evidence from living species, to piece together a line of human descent going back 5 to 8 million years to the time when humans and chimpanzees diverged from a common ancestor.12 Anthropologists supplemented their extremely fragmentary fossil evidence with DNA and other types of molecular genetic evidence from living animals to try to work out an evolutionary scenario that will fit. But this genetic evidence really doesn't help much either, for it contradicts fossil evidence. Lewin notes that: The overall effect is that molecular phylogenetics is by no means as straightforward as its pioneers believed. . . . The Byzantine dynamics of genome change has many other consequences for molecular phylogenetics, including the fact that different genes tell different stories.13 Summarizing the genetic data from humans, another author concludes, rather pessimistically: Even with DNA sequence data, we have no direct access to the processes of evolution, so objective reconstruction of the vanished past can be achieved only by creative imagination.14 Since there is no real scientific evidence that evolution is occurring at present or ever occurred in the past, it is reasonable to conclude that evolution is not a fact of science, as many claim. In fact, it is not even science at all, but an arbitrary system built upon faith in universal naturalism. Actually, these negative evidences against evolution are, at the same time, strong positive evidences for special creation. They are, in fact, specific predictions based on the creation model of origins. Creationists would obviously predict ubiquitous gaps between created kinds, though with many varieties capable of arising within each kind, in order to enable each basic kind to cope with changing environments without becoming extinct. Creationists also would anticipate that any "vertical changes" in organized complexity would be downward, since the Creator (by definition) would create things correctly to begin with. Thus, arguments and evidences against evolution are, at the same time, positive evidences for creation. The Equivocal Evidence from Genetics Nevertheless, because of the lack of any direct evidence for evolution, evolutionists are increasingly turning to dubious circumstantial evidences, such as similarities in DNA or other biochemical components of organisms as their "proof" that evolution is a scientific fact. A number of evolutionists have even argued that DNA itself is evidence for evolution since it is common to all organisms. More often is the argument used that similar DNA structures in two different organisms proves common evolutionary ancestry. Neither argument is valid. There is no reason whatever why the Creator could not or would not use the same type of genetic code based on DNA for all His created life forms. This is evidence for intelligent design and creation, not evolution. The most frequently cited example of DNA commonality is the human/chimpanzee "similarity," noting that chimpanzees have more than 90% of their DNA the same as humans. This is hardly surprising, however, considering the many physiological resemblances between people and chimpanzees. Why shouldn't they have similar DNA structures in comparison, say, to the DNA differences between men and spiders? Similarities -- whether of DNA, anatomy, embryonic development, or anything else -- are better explained in terms of creation by a common Designer than by evolutionary relationship. The great differences between organisms are of greater significance than the similarities, and evolutionism has no explanation for these if they all are assumed to have had the same ancestor. How could these great gaps between kinds ever arise at all, by any natural process? The apparently small differences between human and chimpanzee DNA obviously produce very great differences in their respective anatomies, intelligence, etc. The superficial similarities between all apes and human beings are nothing compared to the differences in any practical or observable sense. Nevertheless, evolutionists, having largely become disenchanted with the fossil record as a witness for evolution because of the ubiquitous gaps where there should be transitions, recently have been promoting DNA and other genetic evidence as proof of evolution. However, as noted above by Roger Lewin, this is often inconsistent with, not only the fossil record, but also with the comparative morphology of the creatures. Lewin also mentions just a few typical contradictions yielded by this type of evidence in relation to more traditional Darwinian "proofs." The elephant shrew, consigned by traditional analysis to the order insectivores . . . is in fact more closely related to . . . the true elephant. Cows are more closely related to dolphins than they are to horses. The duckbilled platypus . . . is on equal evolutionary footing with . . . kangaroos and koalas.15 There are many even more bizarre comparisons yielded by this approach. The abundance of so-called "junk DNA" in the genetic code also has been offered as a special type of evidence for evolution, especially those genes which they think have experienced mutations, sometimes called "pseudogenes."16 However, evidence is accumulating rapidly today that these supposedly useless genes do actually perform useful functions. Enough genes have already been uncovered in the genetic midden to show that what was once thought to be waste is definitely being transmitted into scientific code.17 It is thus wrong to decide that junk DNA, even the socalled "pseudogenes," have no function. That is merely an admission of ignorance and an object for fruitful research. Like the socalled "vestigial organs" in man, once considered as evidence of evolution but now all known to have specific uses, so the junk DNA and pseudogenes most probably are specifically useful to the organism, whether or not those uses have yet been discovered by scientists. At the very best this type of evidence is strictly circumstantial and can be explained just as well in terms of primeval creation supplemented in some cases by later deterioration, just as expected in the creation model. The real issue is, as noted before, whether there is any observable evidence that evolution is occurring now or has ever occurred in the past. As we have seen, even evolutionists have to acknowledge that this type of real scientific evidence for evolution does not exist. A good question to ask is: Why are all observable evolutionary changes either horizontal and trivial (so-called microevolution) or downward toward deterioration and extinction? The answer seems to be found in the universally applicable laws of the science of thermodynamics. Evolution Could Never Happen at All The main scientific reason why there is no evidence for evolution in either the present or the past (except in the creative imagination of evolutionary scientists) is because one of the most fundamental laws of nature precludes it. The law of increasing entropy -- also known as the second law of thermodynamics -- stipulates that all systems in the real world tend to go "downhill," as it were, toward disorganization and decreased complexity. This law of entropy is, by any measure, one of the most universal, bestproved laws of nature. It applies not only in physical and chemical systems, but also in biological and geological systems -- in fact, in all systems, without exception. No exception to the second law of thermodynamics has ever been found -- not even a tiny one. Like conservation of energy (the "first law"), the existence of a law so precise and so independent of details of models must have a logical foundation that is independent of the fact that matter is composed of interacting particles.18 The author of this quote is referring primarily to physics, but he does point out that the second law is "independent of details of models." Besides, practically all evolutionary biologists are reductionists -- that is, they insist that there are no "vitalist" forces in living systems, and that all biological processes are explicable in terms of physics and chemistry. That being the case, biological processes also must operate in accordance with the laws of thermodynamics, and practically all biologists acknowledge this. Evolutionists commonly insist, however, that evolution is a fact anyhow, and that the conflict is resolved by noting that the earth is an "open system," with the incoming energy from the sun able to sustain evolution throughout the geological ages in spite of the natural tendency of all systems to deteriorate toward disorganization. That is how an evolutionary entomologist has dismissed W. A. Dembski's impressive recent book, Intelligent Design. This scientist defends what he thinks is "natural processes' ability to increase complexity" by noting what he calls a "flaw" in "the arguments against evolution based on the second law of thermodynamics." And what is this flaw? Although the overall amount of disorder in a closed system cannot decrease, local order within a larger system can increase even without the actions of an intelligent agent.19 This naive response to the entropy law is typical of evolutionary dissimulation. While it is true that local order can increase in an open system if certain conditions are met, the fact is that evolution does not meet those conditions. Simply saying that the earth is open to the energy from the sun says nothing about how that raw solar heat is converted into increased complexity in any system, open or closed. The fact is that the best known and most fundamental equation of thermodynamics says that the influx of heat into an open system will increase the entropy of that system, not decrease it. All known cases of decreased entropy (or increased organization) in open systems involve a guiding program of some sort and one or more energy conversion mechanisms. Evolution has neither of these. Mutations are not "organizing" mechanisms, but disorganizing (in accord with the second law). They are commonly harmful, sometimes neutral, but never beneficial (at least as far as observed mutations are concerned). Natural selection cannot generate order, but can only "sieve out" the disorganizing mutations presented to it, thereby conserving the existing order, but never generating new order. In principle, it may be barely conceivable that evolution could occur in open systems, in spite of the tendency of all systems to disintegrate sooner or later. But no one yet has been able to show that it actually has the ability to overcome this universal tendency, and that is the basic reason why there is still no bona fide proof of evolution, past or present. From the statements of evolutionists themselves, therefore, we have learned that there is no real scientific evidence for real evolution. The only observable evidence is that of very limited horizontal (or downward) changes within strict limits. Evolution is Religion -- Not Science In no way does the idea of particles-to-people evolution meet the long-accepted criteria of a scientific theory. There are no such evolutionary transitions that have ever been observed in the fossil record of the past; and the universal law of entropy seems to make it impossible on any significant scale. Evolutionists claim that evolution is a scientific fact, but they almost always lose scientific debates with creationist scientists. Accordingly, most evolutionists now decline opportunities for scientific debates, preferring instead to make unilateral attacks on creationists. Scientists should refuse formal debates because they do more harm than good, but scientists still need to counter the creationist message.20 The question is, just why do they need to counter the creationist message? Why are they so adamantly committed to anti-creationism? The fact is that evolutionists believe in evolution because they want to. It is their desire at all costs to explain the origin of everything without a Creator. Evolutionism is thus intrinsically an atheistic religion. Some may prefer to call it humanism, and "new age" evolutionists place it in the context of some form of pantheism, but they all amount to the same thing. Whether atheism or humanism (or even pantheism), the purpose is to eliminate a personal God from any active role in the origin of the universe and all its components, including man. The core of the humanistic philosophy is naturalism -- the proposition that the natural world proceeds according to its own internal dynamics, without divine or supernatural control or guidance, and that we human beings are creations of that process. It is instructive to recall that the philosophers of the early humanistic movement debated as to which term more adequately described their position: humanism or naturalism. The two concepts are complementary and inseparable.21 Since both naturalism and humanism exclude God from science or any other active function in the creation or maintenance of life and the universe in general, it is very obvious that their position is nothing but atheism. And atheism, no less than theism, is a religion! Even doctrinaire-atheistic evolutionist Richard Dawkins admits that atheism cannot be proved to be true. Of course we can't prove that there isn't a God.22 Therefore, they must believe it, and that makes it a religion. The atheistic nature of evolution is not only admitted, but insisted upon by most of the leaders of evolutionary thought. Ernst Mayr, for example, says that: Darwinism rejects all supernatural phenomena and causations.23 A professor in the Department of Biology at Kansas State University says: Even if all the data point to an intelligent designer, such a hypothesis is excluded from science because it is not naturalistic.24 It is well known by almost everyone in the scientific world today that such influential evolutionists as Stephen Jay Gould and Edward Wilson of Harvard, Richard Dawkins of England, William Provine of Cornell, and numerous other evolutionary spokesmen are dogmatic atheists. Eminent scientific philosopher and ardent Darwinian atheist Michael Ruse has even acknowledged that evolution is their religion! Evolution is promoted by its practitioners as more than mere science. Evolution is promulgated as an ideology, a secular religion -- a full-fledged alternative to Christianity, with meaning and morality . . . . Evolution is a religion. This was true of evolution in the beginning, and it is true of evolution still today.25 Another way of saying "religion" is "worldview," the whole of reality. The evolutionary worldview applies not only to the evolution of life, but even to that of the entire universe. In the realm of cosmic evolution, our naturalistic scientists depart even further from experimental science than life scientists do, manufacturing a variety of evolutionary cosmologies from esoteric mathematics and metaphysical speculation. Socialist Jeremy Rifkin has commented on this remarkable game. Cosmologies are made up of small snippets of physical reality that have been remodeled by society into vast cosmic deceptions.26 They must believe in evolution, therefore, in spite of all the evidence, not because of it. And speaking of deceptions, note the following remarkable statement. We take the side of science in spite of the patent absurdity of some of its constructs, . . . in spite of the tolerance of the scientific community for unsubstantiated commitment to materialism. . . . we are forced by our a priori adherence to material causes to create an apparatus of investigation and set of concepts that produce material explanations, no matter how counterintuitive, no matter how mystifying to the uninitiated. Moreover, that materialism is absolute, for we cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door.27 The author of this frank statement is Richard Lewontin of Harvard. Since evolution is not a laboratory science, there is no way to test its validity, so all sorts of justso stories are contrived to adorn the textbooks. But that doesn't make them true! An evolutionist reviewing a recent book by another (but more critical) evolutionist, says: We cannot identify ancestors or "missing links," and we cannot devise testable theories to explain how particular episodes of evolution came about. Gee is adamant that all the popular stories about how the first amphibians conquered the dry land, how the birds developed wings and feathers for flying, how the dinosaurs went extinct, and how humans evolved from apes are just products of our imagination, driven by prejudices and preconceptions.28 A fascinatingly honest admission by a physicist indicates the passionate commitment of establishment scientists to naturalism. Speaking of the trust students naturally place in their highly educated college professors, he says: And I use that trust to effectively brainwash them. . . . our teaching methods are primarily those of propaganda. We appeal -- without demonstration -- to evidence that supports our position. We only introduce arguments and evidence that supports the currently accepted theories and omit or gloss over any evidence to the contrary.29 Creationist students in scientific courses taught by evolutionist professors can testify to the frustrating reality of that statement. Evolution is, indeed, the pseudoscientific basis of religious atheism, as Ruse pointed out. Will Provine at Cornell University is another scientist who frankly acknowledges this. As the creationists claim, belief in modern evolution makes atheists of people. One can have a religious view that is compatible with evolution only if the religious view is indistinguishable from atheism.30 Once again, we emphasize that evolution is not science, evolutionists' tirades notwithstanding. It is a philosophical worldview, nothing more. (Evolution) must, they feel, explain everything. . . . A theory that explains everything might just as well be discarded since it has no real explanatory value. Of course, the other thing about evolution is that anything can be said because very little can be disproved. Experimental evidence is minimal.31 Even that statement is too generous. Actual experimental evidence demonstrating true evolution (that is, macroevolution) is not "minimal." It is nonexistent! The concept of evolution as a form of religion is not new. In my book, The Long War Against God,32 I documented the fact that some form of evolution has been the pseudo-rationale behind every anti-creationist religion since the very beginning of history. This includes all the ancient ethnic religions, as well as such modern world religions as Buddhism, Hinduism, and others, as well as the "liberal" movements in even the creationist religions (Christianity, Judaism, Islam). As far as the twentieth century is concerned, the leading evolutionist is generally considered to be Sir Julian Huxley, primary architect of modern neo-Darwinism. Huxley called evolution a "religion without revelation" and wrote a book with that title (2nd edition, 1957). In a later book, he said: Evolution . . . is the most powerful and the most comprehensive idea that has ever arisen on earth.33 Later in the book he argued passionately that we must change "our pattern of religious thought from a God-centered to an evolution-centered pattern."34 Then he went on to say that: "The God hypothesis . . . is becoming an intellectual and moral burden on our thought." Therefore, he concluded that "we must construct something to take its place."35 That something, of course, is the religion of evolutionary humanism, and that is what the leaders of evolutionary humanism are trying to do today. In closing this survey of the scientific case against evolution (and, therefore, for creation), the reader is reminded again that all quotations in the article are from doctrinaire evolutionists. No Bible references are included, and no statements by creationists. The evolutionists themselves, to all intents and purposes, have shown that evolutionism is not science, but religious faith in atheism. References Jeffrey H. Schwartz, Sudden Origins (New York, John Wiley, 1999), p. 300. Ernst Mayr, "Darwin's Influence on Modern Thought," Scientific American (vol. 283, July 2000), p. 83. Jeffrey H. Schwartz, op. cit., p.89. Ibid. Leslie E. Orgel, "The Origin of Life on the Earth," Scientific American (vol. 271, October 1994), p. 78. Ibid., p. 83. Massimo Pigliucci, "Where Do We Come From?" Skeptical Inquirer (vol. 23, September/October 1999), p. 24. Stephen Jay Gould, "The Evolution of Life," chapter 1 in Evolution: Facts and Fallacies, ed. by J. William Schopf (San Diego, CA., Academic Press, 1999), p. 9. J. O. Long, The Rise of Fishes (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1995), p. 30. Niles Eldredge, The Pattern of Evolution (New York: W. H. Freeman and Co., 1998), p. 157. Neil Shubin, "Evolutionary Cut and Paste," Nature (vol. 349, July 2, 1998), p.12. Colin Tudge, "Human Origins Revisited," New Scientist (vol. 146, May 20, 1995), p. 24. Roger Lewin, "Family Feud," New Scientist (vol. 157, January 24, 1998), p. 39. N. A. Takahata, "Genetic Perspective on the Origin and History of Humans," Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics (vol. 26, 1995), p. 343. Lewin, op. cit., p. 36. Rachel Nowak, "Mining Treasures from `Junk DNA'," Science (vol. 263, February 4, 1994), p. 608. Ibid. E. H. Lieb and Jakob Yngvason, "A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics," Physics Today (vol. 53, April 2000), p. 32. Norman A. Johnson, "Design Flaw," American Scientist (vol. 88. May/June 2000), p. 274. Scott, Eugenie, "Fighting Talk," New Scientist (vol. 166, April 22, 2000), p.47. Dr. Scott is director of the anti-creationist organization euphemistically named, The National Center for Science Education. Ericson, Edward L., "Reclaiming the Higher Ground," The Humanist (vol. 60, September/October 2000), p. 30. Dawkins, Richard, replying to a critique of his faith in the liberal journal, Science and Christian Belief (vol. 7, 1994), p. 47. Mayr, Ernst, "Darwin's Influence on Modern Thought," Scientific American (vol. 283, July 2000), p. 83. Todd, Scott C., "A View from Kansas on the Evolution Debates," Nature (vol. 401, September 30, 1999), p. 423. Ruse, Michael, "Saving Darwinism fron the Darwinians," National Post (May 13, 2000), p. B-3. Rifkin, Jeremy, "Reinventing Nature," The Humanist (vol. 58, March/April 1998), p. 24. Lewontin, Richard, Review of the Demon-Haunted World, by Carl Sagan. In New York Review of Books, January 9, 1997. Bowler, Peter J., Review In Search of Deep Time by Henry Gee (Free Press, 1999), American Scientist (vol. 88, March/April 2000), p. 169. Singham, Mark, "Teaching and Propaganda," Physics Today (vol. 53, June 2000), p. 54. Provine, Will, "No Free Will," in Catching Up with the Vision, ed. by Margaret W. Rossiter (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), p. S123. Appleyard, Bryan, "You Asked for It," New Scientist (vol. 166, April 22, 2000), p. 45. Henry M. Morris, The Long War Against God (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1989), 344 pp. Julian Huxley, Essays of a Humanist (New York: Harper and Row, 1964), p. 125. Ibid., p. 222. Ibid.

Videos from ICR ICR creates DVDs and online videos that support a biblical worldview with empirical scientific evidence and offers defensible answers to some of the most provocative and controversial questions of faith and science. You can purchase our DVDs at store.icr.org. Why Does Genesis Matter? When God uses time terminology it is always for our benefit, and therefore, always to be understood on human terms. More... Is The Universe Young? Blue stars are also an indication of the youth of the universe. They expend their fuel at an incredibly rapid rate. More... Is Earth Designed For Life? Earth's tilt at twenty-three degrees on its axis is also well-suited for life. If it were tilted less, the habitable regions would be reduced, and if the tilt were greater, seasons would become too extreme. More... Are Humans Unique? There are a lot of physical differences, which you can see in external anatomy. More... Wonders of Creation from Space NASA astronaut Col. Jeffrey Williams recently visited the Institute for Creation Research, and we had the opportunity to talk with him about his life, work, and faith. That's A Fact Videos Click here for more online videos that showcase one truth at a time about the Bible, creation, and science.

Cedar Hill, Texas THIS EVENT IS CONCLUDED. Hillcrest Baptist Church Sunday, August 22, 2010 “The evolutionary lie is so pointedly antithetical to Christian truth that it would seem unthinkable for evangelical Christians to compromise with evolutionary science in any degree. But during the past century and a half of evolutionary propaganda, evolutionists have had remarkable success in getting evangelicals to meet them halfway. Remarkably, many modern evangelicals…have already been convinced that the Genesis account of creation is not a true historical record. Thus they have not only capitulated to evolutionary doctrine at its starting point, but they have also embraced a view that undermines the authority of Scripture at its starting point.” —Dr. John MacArthur, from The Battle for the Beginning Discover the answers to these and other questions: Can Genesis be trusted when it says God created the world in six days? What does belief in evolution say about the character of God? Is the earth really millions or billions of years old? Who has the last word on interpreting what God said and did—scientists or Scripture? Are Christians prepared to combat false doctrine and those who would compromise the Word of God? For 40 years, the Institute for Creation Research has led the way in research and education in the field of scientific and biblical creation, bringing the evidence for creation to churches, schools, and in citywide conferences. Speakers like Dr. Henry Morris III, Dr. John Morris, Dr. Randy Guliuzza, and others present solid evidence from science and Scripture. Conference Schedule   8:30 a.m.   Resource tables open   9:00 a.m.   FIRST HOUR - Worship Service Dr. Henry Morris III The Controversy Over Creation: Why does Creation create such strong reactions?   Dr. Henry Morris III holds four earned degrees, including a D.Min. from Luther Rice Seminary and the Presidents and Key Executives MBA from Pepperdine University. A former college professor, administrator, business executive, and senior pastor, Dr. Morris is an articulate and passionate speaker frequently invited to address church congregations, college assemblies, and national conferences. The eldest son of ICR's founder, Dr. Morris has served for many years in conference and writing ministry. His love for the Word of God and passion for Christian maturity, coupled with God's gift of teaching, has given Dr. Morris a broad and effective ministry over the years. He has authored numerous articles and books, including The Big Three: Major Events that Changed History Forever, Exploring the Evidence for Creation, and 5 Reasons to Believe in Recent Creation.     9:00 a.m.   Combined Adult Sunday School Dr. Randy Guliuzza The Importance of the Doctrine of Creation   Dr. Randy Guliuzza is a captivating speaker who presents well-documented and often humorous scientific and biblical talks to audiences of all ages. He has represented ICR in several scientific debates at secular universities and in other forums. Dr. Guliuzza has a B.S. in Engineering from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, a B.A. in theology from Moody Bible Institute, an M.D. from the University of Minnesota, and a Masters in Public Health from Harvard University. Dr. Guliuzza served nine years in the Navy Civil Engineer Corps and is a registered Professional Engineer. In 2008, he retired as Lt. Col. from the U.S. Air Force, where he served as Flight Surgeon and Chief of Aerospace Medicine. He is the author of the recently released book Made in His Image.     9:00 a.m. FOR THE KIDS - Combined Elementary Sunday School Dr. John Morris Dinosaurs!   Dr. John Morris, perhaps best known for leading expeditions to Mt. Ararat in search of Noah's Ark, served on the University of Oklahoma faculty before joining the Institute for Creation Research in 1984. He received his Doctorate in Geological Engineering at the University of Oklahoma in 1980. Dr. Morris held the position of Professor of Geology before being appointed President in 1996. He travels widely around the world speaking at churches, conferences, schools, and scientific meetings. Dr. Morris has written numerous books and articles on the scientific evidence that supports the Bible. Dr. Morris is the author or co-author of such books as The Young Earth, The Modern Creation Trilogy, and the newly released The Fossil Record: Unearthing Nature's History of Life.         9:00 a.m.   YOUTH EMPHASIS - Jr. High/Sr. High Sunday School Mr. Lalo Gunther The Genesis Worldview   Before becoming a Christian in 1995, Lalo Gunther was a member of a gang in southern California. He was saved after a police officer witnessed to him about Christ, and he left his former lifestyle behind. He graduated from San Diego Christian College (formerly Christian Heritage College, co-founded by ICR founder Dr. Henry Morris) and went to work in ICR's distribution warehouse in 2000, eventually managing ICR's warehouse operations. Mr. Gunther is a former youth pastor and has a passion for conveying the truth of the gospel to young people. He currently serves as ICR's Special Events Coordinator and represents ICR at numerous conferences and seminars around the country each year.     10:30 a.m.   SECOND HOUR - Worship Service Dr. Henry Morris III The Controversy Over Creation: Why does Creation create such strong reactions?   Dr. Henry Morris III holds four earned degrees, including a D.Min. from Luther Rice Seminary and the Presidents and Key Executives MBA from Pepperdine University. A former college professor, administrator, business executive, and senior pastor, Dr. Morris is an articulate and passionate speaker frequently invited to address church congregations, college assemblies, and national conferences. The eldest son of ICR's founder, Dr. Morris has served for many years in conference and writing ministry. His love for the Word of God and passion for Christian maturity, coupled with God's gift of teaching, has given Dr. Morris a broad and effective ministry over the years. He has authored numerous articles and books, including The Big Three: Major Events that Changed History Forever, Exploring the Evidence for Creation, and 5 Reasons to Believe in Recent Creation.       10:30 a.m. Combined Adult Sunday School Dr. Randy Guliuzza The Importance of the Doctrine of Creation   Dr. Randy Guliuzza is a captivating speaker who presents well-documented and often humorous scientific and biblical talks to audiences of all ages. He has represented ICR in several scientific debates at secular universities and in other forums. Dr. Guliuzza has a B.S. in Engineering from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, a B.A. in theology from Moody Bible Institute, an M.D. from the University of Minnesota, and a Masters in Public Health from Harvard University. Dr. Guliuzza served nine years in the Navy Civil Engineer Corps and is a registered Professional Engineer. In 2008, he retired as Lt. Col. from the U.S. Air Force, where he served as Flight Surgeon and Chief of Aerospace Medicine. He is the author of the recently released book Made in His Image.     10:30 a.m.   tenthirty - College (20-somethings) Dr. Nathaniel Jeanson The Bible and Biological Change   After receiving his Ph.D. in cell and developmental biology from Harvard Medical School in 2009, Dr. Nathaniel Jeanson joined ICR as a Research Associate. While at Harvard, he assisted in adult stem cell research, specifically on the role of Vitamin D in regulating blood stem cells. Dr. Jeanson has a B.S. in Molecular Biology and Bioinformatics from the University of Wisconsin-Parkside, where his research efforts involved working with single-celled algae to decipher molecular mechanisms of plant function. Additionally, he has submitted testimony to the Massachusetts governing bodies in opposition to human embryonic stem cell research and has been a panelist at the Massachusetts Citizens for Life convention. Currently, Dr. Jeanson’s research at ICR involves the investigation of molecular mechanisms of biological change from a young-earth perspective. He also serves as a member of the Master Faculty of ICR’s School of Biblical Apologetics. He regularly contributes research articles to ICR's monthly magazine Acts & Facts.         12:00 p.m. Lunch, Resource Tables, Book Signings Box lunches provided by Hillcrest Baptist Church for $5.00 each. Contact the church to reserve a lunch. 1:00 p.m. FOR THE WHOLE FAMILY Dr. Randy Guliuzza Made in His Image   Dr. Randy Guliuzza is a captivating speaker who presents well-documented and often humorous scientific and biblical talks to audiences of all ages. He has represented ICR in several scientific debates at secular universities and in other forums. Dr. Guliuzza has a B.S. in Engineering from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, a B.A. in theology from Moody Bible Institute, an M.D. from the University of Minnesota, and a Masters in Public Health from Harvard University. Dr. Guliuzza served nine years in the Navy Civil Engineer Corps and is a registered Professional Engineer. In 2008, he retired as Lt. Col. from the U.S. Air Force, where he served as Flight Surgeon and Chief of Aerospace Medicine. He is the author of the recently released book Made in His Image.     2:00 p.m. Creation Science Q&A Panel Discussion   Pick up a 3x5 card at the ICR Resource Table during the morning services and write down your question. Turn these cards in BEFORE LUNCH. The Panel will cover as many questions as time permits. 2:30 p.m. Conference Ends Conference Location: Hillcrest Baptist Church 265 W Pleasant Run Road Cedar Hill, Tx 75104 972-291-3521 Church website:  www.hillcrestbc.com Pre-registration is not required.      

A Real Jurassic World? The Jurassic World movie, though thrilling to watch, comes packed with fictional ideas like de-extinction, designer creatures, and iron somehow preserving dinosaur DNA indefinitely. But how would the world respond if live dinosaurs were verified to scientists' satisfaction? More... Recent News Human Nucleome Reveals Amazing 4D WorldScientists Describe Job's 'Springs of the Sea'Bacteria Metabolisms Are Like Computer Circuit BoardsNew Horizons, Pluto, and the Age of the Solar SystemDiscovery: Volcanoes on Venus Click here for our Newsroom

Dr. Tim Clarey Research Associate Geology, Dinosaurs Tim Clarey received a B.S. in Geology (summa cum laude) in 1982 from Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, Michigan, followed by a Master of Science in Geology in 1984 from the University of Wyoming and a Master of Science in Hydrogeology in 1993 from Western Michigan University. His Ph.D. in Geology was received in 1996 from Western Michigan University. From 1984 to 1992, Dr. Clarey worked as an exploration geologist at Chevron USA, Inc., developing oil drilling prospects and analyzing assets and lease purchases. He was Full Professor and Geosciences Chair at Delta College in Michigan for 17 years before leaving in 2013 to join the science staff at the Institute for Creation Research, having earlier conducted research with ICR in its FAST program. He has published many papers on various aspects of the Rocky Mountains and has authored two college laboratory books. He is a contributor to Guide to Dinosaurs. Available resources by Dr. Tim Clarey: Guide to Dinosaurs Click here for articles by Dr. Tim Clarey. Click here for the ICR Speakers page. Click here for the ICR Science Team page. Published Papers Clarey, T. L. 1990. Thin-skinned shortening geometries of the South Fork fault: Bighorn basin, Park County, Wyoming. The Mountain Geologist. 27 (1): 19-26 (reprinted in 1990 Wyoming Geological Association 41st Field Conference Guidebook, R. W. Specht, ed., 89-98). Clarey, T. L. and R. B. Chase. 1997. Directions and frequency of natural jointing in the Royal Gorge arch. In Natural fracture systems in the Southern Rockies. Close, J. C. and T. A. Casey, eds. Durango, CO: Four Corners Geological Society, 53-61. Clarey, T. L., R V. Krishnamurthy, and R. B. Chase. 1998. Environmental isotopic investigation of ground-water movement and surface-water interactions, Royal Gorge arch, Colorado. The Mountain Geologist. 35 (4): 127-135. Bearss, L. R. and T. L. Clarey. 1999. Navigating the sponge beneath Delta. The Journal for Student Scholars at Michigan's Two- Year Colleges. 3: 2-13. Clarey, T. L., R. B. Chase, and C. J. Schmidt. 2004. Precambrian influences on the development of the Royal Gorge arch, Colorado: a thick-skinned fault-propagation fold. The Mountain Geologist. 41 (1): 17-32. Clarey, T. L. 2007. Advocates for cold-blooded dinosaurs: the new generation of heretics. GSA Today Groundwork Series 1, January. Ross, M. R., W. A. Hoesch, S. A. Austin, J. H. Whitmore, and T. L. Clarey. 2010. Garden of the Gods at Colorado Springs: Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentation and tectonics. In Through the Generations: Geologic and Anthropogenic Field Excursions in the Rocky Mountains from Modern to Ancient. Morgan, L.A., and S. L. Quane, eds. Geologic Society of America Field Guide 18, 77-93. Clarey, T. L. 2012. South Fork Fault as a gravity slide: its break-away, timing, and emplacement, northwestern Wyoming, U.S.A. Rocky Mountain Geology. 47 (1): 55-79. Clarey, T. L. 2013. South Fork Fault as a gravity slide: its break-away, timing, and emplacement, northwestern Wyoming, U.S.A.: REPLY. Rocky Mountain Geology. 48 (1): 5-7.

Dr. James J. S. Johnson Chief Academic Officer, Associate Professor of Apologetics Bible, Apologetics, Education, Forensic Science, History Dr. James Johnson serves ICR’s Christian education programs (including ICR’s School of Biblical Apologetics, Origins Matter Short Course series, and ACSI lectures). Previously he taught for LeTourneau University, Dallas Christian College, and Concordia University Texas (history, ethics, biosciences, ecology, apologetics, evidence, law, and international studies). Johnson’s forensic science background includes a J.D. (University of North Carolina, 1984), trial attorney and judicial experience, two post-doc certifications, and American Academy of Forensic Sciences membership. As a paternity establishment officer (certified by the Texas Attorney General’s Office), he has provided expert testimony in court proceedings, as well as biogenetic family history analysis used to change Texas birth certificates. Dr. Johnson’s biblical studies background includes biblical languages study (American Bible Society Award, 1982, mostly for Hebrew and Aramaic), a Th.D. (Emmanuel College of Christian Studies, 1996), ACSI credentials, and service as a Protestant chaplain (BSA, National Capital Area). He is a contributor to Guide to Creation Basics and Creation Basics & Beyond. Available resources by Dr. James Johnson: Guide to Creation Basics Creation Basics & Beyond Click here for articles by James Johnson. Click here for the ICR Speakers page. Click here for the ICR Science Team page. Forensic Science / Evidence Analysis / Biogenetic Family History “Blood Crying from the Ground, a Forensic Science Perspective, Illustrated by the Gruesome Killing of America’s Most Hated Woman,” co-authored with Dr. Jeffrey Tomkins, presented at the Creation Research Society Conference, Dallas, Texas, July 31, 2015; 25 pages. “Penguin Eggs to Die For:  Forensic Science Perspectives on the AD1912 Tragedy in Antarctica, Disappointing Natural Selection Apologetics and Phylogenetic Theory,” presented at the Creation Research Society Conference, Dallas, Texas, July 31, 2015; 50 pages. “Mystick Mystery: Scientists Investigate Connecticut’s Pequot War Battlefield,” presented at the Creation Research Society Conference, Dallas, Texas, July 31, 2015; 10 pages. “Honoring the Sexcentenary Anniversary of Den Upálení Mistra Jan Husa: A Texas Perspective, 600 Years After the Goose was Cooked,” České Stopy [Czech Footprints]. 15 (2): 20-21 (summer 2015). Volksdeutsche by the Dozen, Part Three: World War II Confronts Jakob and Katarina Webel  (Swabians Face Nazi Invaders and Yugoslavia’s Break-Up),” Journal of the German-Texan Heritage Society, 37 (2): 98-113 (summer 2015). “Linguistic Aspects of Great Commission Progress Match Noah’s Prophecy,” presented at the Maranatha Biblical Ministries Conference, Hurst, Texas, June 13, 2015; 28 pages (plus appendices). “To Globally Sow His Word, Did God Use Vikings?,” presented at the Maranatha Biblical Ministries Conference, Hurst, Texas, June 13, 2015; 7 pages. “Forensic Science Perspectives, for Creation Controversies, with Insights for Creation Science Educators,” presented at the Creation Research Society Conference, Petersburg, Kentucky, August 9, 2014; 61 pages. “Pine Needles, Limes, and Other Simple Solutions,” Creation Research Society Quarterly, 50 (3): 193-194 (winter 2014).  “Biogenetic Family History, an Under-Appreciated Creation Science, with Insights for Creation Science Educators,” presented at the Creation Research Society Conference, Petersburg, Kentucky, August 9, 2014; 41 pages. “DNA Says Manx Viking King, Somerled, the Celebrated Founding Father of Scottish Clans, had a ‘Norse’ Patrilinear Ancestry” presented to the Norwegian Society of Texas (Fort Worth, Texas, March 24, 2012 [Althing meeting]; 16 pages). “From Germany’s Rhine to the East Texas Pine: How an Immigrating Line of German-Speaking Glattfelders Stretched to East Texas’s Piney Woods,” Journal of the German-Texan Heritage Society, 28 (3): 246-254 (fall 2005). “From Hohenstaufen to Texas, a Long Journey: From German Roots, through Many ‘Begats,’ Now into the Lone Star State,” Journal of the German-Texan Heritage Society, 33 (1): 50-60 (spring 2011). “Czech into Texas, at Last! From Bohemian Roots, to a Moravian Log Cabin, to the Lone Star State,” České Stopy [Czech Footprints]. 13 (1): 15-22 (spring 2011). “Volksdeutsche by the Dozen, Part One: Jakob and Katarina Agreed to Marry Before They Ever Spoke to Each Other (A True Example of Love at First Sight…and First Sound),” Journal of the German-Texan Heritage Society, 35 (1): 25-32 (spring 2013). “Volksdeutsche in Croatia, Before World War II: Jakob and Katarina Webel are Merchants in Marinci (Taking Care of Business and the Business of Life),” Journal of the German-Texan Heritage Society, 36 (3): 154-170 (fall 2014). Bible / Biblical Philology / Biblical History and Archaeology “What is theרָקִ֫יעַ  (‘Firmament’)?  Hebrew Philology Points to an Expanse of Emptiness and/or Stretched-out Thinness,” presented at the Creation Astronomy Summit, Dallas, Texas, July 30, 2015; 37 pages. “Critiquing a Textual Critic’s Critique of 1 Thessalonians 2:7,” Dean Burgon Society Conference, Garland, Texas, July 22, 2015; 14 pages. “How the Moabite Stone Corroborates a Prophecy in Genesis 49,” Bible and Spade, 27 (3): 68-74 (2014) “Ruth, the Moabitess within the Messianic Line—or, Redeemed by Love, and Grafted into His Family” presented to the Southwest Regional Conference of the Evangelical Theological Society (Fort Worth, Texas, April 7, 2000; 132 pages)  “King Mesha, King Balak, and Ruth: A Judicial Comparison of How Three Moabites Responded to Providential History-Revealed Truth about God—and a New Translation of the Moabite Stone” presented to the 52nd Annual Evangelical Theological Society Conference (Nashville, Tennessee, November 16, 2000; 208 pages). “Does Bereshith Mean ‘In a Beginning’?” Creation Matters, 18 (3): 6-7 (May-June 2013). “When Jesus Took Time Out to Bless the Children,” Biblical History, 1 (3): 50-55 (October 1987). “Using Scriptural Data to Calculate a Range-Qualified Chronology from Adam to Abraham, with Comments on Why the ‘Open’-or-‘Closed' Genealogy Question Is Chronometrically Irrelevant” presented at the Southwest Regional Conference of the Evangelical Theological Society,” co-authored with Dr. Thomas D. Ice (Dallas, Texas, March 1 , 2002; 44 pages). “Rightly ‘Dividing’ the Word about Peleg: Was Earth’s Unusual ‘Division’ in Peleg’s Lifetime a Linguistic Event or a Geological Event?” presented at the Creation Research Society Conference, Lancaster, South Carolina, July 10, 2009; 29 pages). Biblical Theology / Epistemology / Apologetics “Psalm 145:8-16, ‘The Case of the Missing Nûn, an Exegetical Study,” Dean Burgon Society Conference, Garland, Texas, July 22, 2015; 33 pages. “A Bohemian Goose and a Saxon Swan,” presented at the Maranatha Biblical Ministries Conference, Hurst, Texas, June 13, 2015; 20 pages. “How Viking History Opened the Door for the Protestant Reformation’s Demographics,, presented at the Maranatha Biblical Ministries Conference, Hurst, Texas, June 13, 2015; 22 pages. “Collateral Damages from Disbelieving Adam’s Authenticity and the Biogenetic History of Genesis: A Judgmental Analysis” presented to the International Society of Christian Apologetics Conference (Plano, Texas, April 5, 2013; 148 pages). “Deism Then and Now, A Comparative Review (Or, ‘There and Back Again’)” presented to the Southwest Regional Conference of the Evangelical Theological Society (Fort Worth, Texas, March 9, 2012; 46 pages). “How Should We Then Reply, When Scoffing Critics Claim that the Biblical God Is ‘Impersonal,’ and When Scoffing Critics Claim that Human Suffering Shows that God Is ‘Not Good Enough’?” presented at Master’s International School of Divinity Seminar on Biblical Inspiration, Translation, & Hermeneutics (Grapevine, Texas, July 3, 2013; keynote presentation, 38 pages). “The Religion-and-Science Connection Between Pseudônumos and Pseudomarturia: How Special Revelation Describes the Limitations of General Revelation, with Epistemological Analysis of the Problem of ‘False Witnesses’ who Promote ‘Science Falsely So-called’” presented at the Southwest Regional Conference of the Evangelical Theological Society (Dallas, Texas, March 27, 2009; 83 pages). “Recognizing Truth in Asia, Africa, and Europe, from Abraham to Zaphenathpa’aneah: Selected Studies in the History of Biblical Epistemology” presented at the Southwest Regional Conference of the Evangelical Theological Society (Fort Worth, Texas, March 25, 2006; 106 pages). “Ethics for Acadians and Orcadians: How Should We Then React When our Neighbors are Having a Civil War? Comparing the 17th Century Civil War in French Acadia with 9th Century Trans-national Conflicts in the Orkney Islands” presented at the 58th Annual Evangelical Theological Society Conference (Washington, D.C., November 15, 2006; 15 pages). “Did the ‘Good Samaritan’ Doctrine Justify How the Massachusetts Puritans Provided Military Aid during the ‘ragin’ Cajun’ French Civil War of the 1640s?” presented to the Southwest Regional Conference of the Evangelical Theological Society (Dallas, Texas, March 13, 2004; 46 pages). “Defining Evangelicalism by the Evangel, Illustrated at Patmos by Themes in Christ’s Epistles to Seven Congregations in Asia” presented at the 53rd Annual Evangelical Theological Society Conference (Colorado Springs, Colorado, November 16, 2001; 19 pages). “Epistemological Insights from Daniel 5:7-23—Belshazzar’s Willful Rejection of Extra-Biblical Revelation, Illustrated by Belshazzar’s Exclusion of Babylon’s ‘Magicians’” presented at the Southwest Regional Conference of the Evangelical Theological Society (Dallas, Texas, March 21, 2003; 61 pages). “How has the Reburial of Viking King Harald Bluetooth’s Father Provided an Inerrantist Solution to Abraham’s Supposedly ‘Missing’ 60 Years? (in Acts 7:4)” presented at the Southwest Regional Conference of the Evangelical Theological Society (Dallas, Texas, March 1, 2002; 19 pages). “Jude’s Exhortation regarding Authority, Grace, and Faith: The Soteriological Relevance of Doxological Reverence” presented at the Southwest Regional Conference of the Evangelical Theological Society (Dallas, Texas, March 1998; 81 pages).  Ecology / Conservation Science / Environmental Regulation “An Oceanographer’s Insight, for Researching and Analyzing Oceanic and Littoral Ecosystem Dynamics, Guided by ‘High-Definition’ Biblical Philology,” presented at the Creation Research Society Conference, Dallas, Texas, July 31, 2015; 72 pages. “Providential Planting: The Pinyon Jay,” Creation Ex Nihilo, 19 (3): 24-25 (summer 1997). “Malachite Mountain Majesty,” Creation Research Society Quarterly, 34 (1): 4 (summer 1997). “Delineating Wetlands: Hydrophilic Plants, Hydric Soils, and Wetland Hydrology,” Proceedings of the Wetlands Scientists 16th Annual Meeting (Boston, Massachusetts, summer 1995). Introduction to Environmental Studies (Dallas: NWQD Press & LeTourneau University, 1995), textbook on Ecology, Conservation Policy, and Environmental Law, used as undergraduate textbook for ecology courses during the late AD1990s at LeTourneau University and at Dallas Christian College). “Bogged Down Trying to Define Federal Wetlands,” co-authored with William Lee Logan III & Marshall J. Horton, Texas Wesleyan Law Review, 2:481513 (spring 1996), cited in Kirkorowicz v. California Coastal Commission, 83 Cal. App. 4th 980, 100 Cal. Rptr. 124, 31 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,168 (Cal. App. [4th Dist.] 2000), at footnote 9. “Can ELVIS [Economic Land Value Impact Statement] Resolve our Wetland Definition Quagmire?” co-authored with William Lee Logan III & Marshall J. Horton, State Bar of Texas Environmental Law Journal, 27 (2): 60-73 (fall 1996). “How an Uncodified Appropriations Act has Blocked Some Constitutional Challenges to the Process of Wetland Delineation,” co-authored with William L. Logan III, University of Baltimore Journal of Environmental Law, 182-207 (1994). “Environmental Issues in Real Estate Transactions,” in Real Estate Law: Advanced Issues and Answers (Dallas, Texas: NBI, 2007), pages 62-119. “Anadromous Fish ‘that Swam with Dinosaurs’ Neither Extinct Nor Extirpated,” Creation Research Society Quarterly, 51 (3): 207-208 (winter 2015). Selected Legal Publications “The Courts Speak: The Rules of Law and (Some) Judicial Analysis,” in Everything You Don’t Know about E-Discovery (Portland, Maine: NBI, 2013), pages 1-78. “A Judge’s Perspective on Electronic Discovery: Lessons for Litigators,” in Everything You Don’t Know about E-Discovery (Portland, Maine: NBI, 2013), pages 79-138. “Post-Judgment Collection,” in Advanced Collection Strategies (Denver, Colorado: NBI, 2010), pages 1-239. “How Administrative Law Issues Complicate the Bankruptcy Law Process,” State Bar of Texas, 1st Annual International Bankruptcy Law Seminar (Paris, France, spring 2004; 232 pages)  “Litigating Fraudulent Transfers and Other Avoidance Actions,” State Bar of Texas, 2nd Annual International Bankruptcy Law Seminar (Florence and Rome, Italy, March 8-16, 2005; 35 pages).  “Litigating Bankruptcy Discharge Denials under 11 U.S.C. § 727 (Especially as Relevant to Legal Ethics),” presented to the State Bar of Texas: 20th Annual Advanced Consumer Bankruptcy Law Seminar (Houston, Texas, September 23-24, 2004; 28 pages). “Unconscionability and the Federal Chancellors: A Survey of U.C.C. Section 2-302 Interpretations in the Federal Circuits during the early 1980s,” Simon Greenleaf Law Review, 5 (1): 115-184 (1985). How Texas Addresses Administrative Law Issues in School Law Contexts, co-authored with Robert C. Prather, Sr. (Eau Claire, Wisconsin: National Business Institute, 2003), pages 1-129 & 139-143 and 163-166 & 348-380 and 412-415. “Environmental Claims and the Bankruptcy Process: Claims Advocacy for Private Environmental Torts—Balancing Environmental Restitution Policy with the Debtor’s Fresh Start,” Federal Bar Association Bankruptcy Section, Bankruptcy Briefs, 3 (2): 1, 5-10 (spring 1993), co-authored with William Lee Logan III.  “Avoiding Ethical Tangles in Collections,” in Collection Law from Start to Finish (Dallas, Texas: NBI, 2010), pages 177-207. “Ethical Considerations for Employment Law Practitioners,” in Employment Laws Made Simple (Dallas, Texas: NBI, 2012), pages 89-179. “The Impact of Bankruptcy on Collections,” in Collection Law from Start to Finish (Dallas, Texas: NBI, 2010), pages 85-176.  “Caveat Debtor: Three New Exceptions to Discharge,” Norton Bankruptcy Law Adviser, pages 9-13 (August 1996). “Preservation and Spoliation of Electronically Stored Information: Beware! (Applying Fed.R.Civ.P. Rule 37 to Electronically Stored Information),” in Electronic Discovery Under the Proposed Amendments to FRCP (Eau Clair, Wisconsin: National Business Institute, 2015), pages 219-261. “Ethical Challenges in Electronic Discovery:  Beware! (Litigating with Electronically Stored Information Can Sometimes Be Illegal),” in Electronic Discovery Under the Proposed Amendments to FRCP (Eau Clair, Wisconsin: National Business Institute, 2015), pages 329-426.

Frank Sherwin Research Associate, Senior Lecturer, and Science Writer Zoology, Oceans, Noah's Flood, Microbiology, Dinosaurs Frank Sherwin received his bachelor's degree in biology from Western State College, Gunnison, Colorado, in 1978. He attended graduate school at the University of Northern Colorado, where he studied under the late Gerald D. Schmidt, one of the foremost parasitologists in America. In 1985, Mr. Sherwin obtained a master's degree in zoology. He published his research in the peer-reviewed Journal of Parasitology. He contributes his scientific expertise to a variety of ICR's publications on creation science and is one of ICR's most sought-after speakers. He is the author of The Ocean Book and Guide to Animals, co-author of The Fossil Record: Unearthing Nature's History of Life and The Human Body: An Intelligent Design, and a contributor to Guide to Creation Basics and Creation Basics & Beyond. Available resources by Frank Sherwin: The Fossil Record: Unearthing Nature's History of Life The Ocean Book Guide to Animals Guide to Creation Basics Creation Basics & Beyond Click here for articles by Frank Sherwin. Click here for the ICR Speakers page. Click here for the ICR Science Team page.

Brian Thomas Science Writer Dinosaurs, Problems with Evolution, Human Origins Brian Thomas received his bachelor's degree in biology in 1993 and a master’s in biotechnology in 1999 from Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas. He taught junior high and high school at Christian schools in Texas, as well as biology, chemistry, and anatomy as an adjunct and assistant professor at Dallas-area universities. Since 2008 Mr. Thomas has been a science writer and editor at ICR, where he contributes news and magazine articles, speaks on creation issues, and researches original tissue fossils. He is the author of Dinosaurs and the Bible and a contributor to Guide to Creation Basics, Creation Basics & Beyond, and Guide to Dinosaurs. Available resources by Brian Thomas Dinosaurs and the Bible book Dinosaurs and Man: Five Clues to Dinosaur Origins DVD Guide to Creation Basics Creation Basics & Beyond Guide to Dinosaurs Click here for ICR articles by Brian Thomas. Click here for the ICR Speakers page. Click here for the ICR Science Team page. Technical Journal Publications Thomas, B. and V. Nelson. 2015. Radiocarbon in Dinosaur and Other Fossils. Creation Research Society Quarterly. 51: 299-311. Thomas, B. 2015. Original Biomaterials in Fossils. Creation Research Society Quarterly. 51: 234-347. Thomas, B. and J. Tomkins. 2014. How reliable are genomes from ancient DNA? Journal of Creation. 28 (3): 92-98. Thomas, B. 2013. A Review of Original Tissue Fossils and Their Age Implications. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Creationism. M. Horstmeyer, ed. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship. Book Reviews Thomas, B. 2012. The authoritative dinosaur book: A review of Dinosaur Challenges and Mysteries by Michael J. Oard. Journal of Creation. 26 (3): 38-39. Thomas, B. 2010. Making sense of how an atheist is made: A review of The Making of an Atheist by James S. Spiegel. Journal of Creation. 24 (3): 29-31. Thomas, B. 2010. Oblivious to the obvious: dragons lived with American Indians: A review of Fossil Legends of the First Americans by Adrienne Mayor. Journal of Creation. 24 (1): 32-34. Thomas, B. 2008. The god of evolution: A review of God and the New Atheism by John F. Haught. Journal of Creation. 22 (3): 35-37. Thomas, B. 2005. Conservation ethics based on evolution?: A review of The Future of Life by Edward O. Wilson. Journal of Creation. 19 (2): 58-61. Other Articles Thomas, B. 2015. Solid Answers on Soft Tissue. Answers Magazine. 10 (1): 36-38. Thomas, B. 2013. Original Animal Protein in Fossils? Creation. 35 (1): 14-16. Thomas, B. 2009. ATP synthase: majestic molecular machine made by a mastermind. Creation. 31 (4): 21-23.

The fossil record demonstrates abrupt appearance, complexity at all stratigraphic levels, and maintenance of defining characteristics (stasis). These primary features of the fossil record are predictions of the creation model. Fossils Show Rapid and Catastrophic Burial Fossils universally provide evidence of rapid burial, even agonizing death. More... Fossils Are Found at All Levels The layers of sedimentary rock that covers the earth's surface contain marine creatures at all levels that appear suddenly and fully formed. More... Fossils Show Stasis and No Transitional Forms Fossils appear suddenly in the fossil record without transitions. More... Men and Dinosaurs Coexisted Dinosaurs are often portrayed as having lived in a time before man, but the available evidence shows that men and dinosaurs coexisted. More...

Carbon Dating of '70 Million Year Old' Mosasaur Soft Tissues Yields Surprising Results Since tissues like skin and cartilage are known to spontaneously decay in only thousands of years, published finds of original soft tissues in fossilized remains clearly show that the fossils could not be millions of years old. Many of these studies relied on only a few different detection methods. Now, a team of researchers has applied more than six different techniques to verify that tissues from inside a mosasaur humerus bone consist of mosasaur and not microbial molecules. More...Dinosaur Soft Tissue Finally Makes NewsAlthough creation-based organizations have reported for over a decade on the technical scientific journal articles published about soft tissue found inside dinosaur remains, mainstream media outlets have largely been silent on the subject But a recent segment that aired on CBS’s 60 Minutes finally broke the news to a broader audience. The soft tissue issue may be gaining more traction, and even “may be changing the whole dino ballgame.” More...Dinosaur Soft Tissue Issue Is Here to StayIn recent decades, soft, squishy tissues have been discovered inside fossilized dinosaur bones. They seem so fresh that it appears as though the bodies were buried only a few thousand years ago. More...Dinosaur Soft Tissue Preserved by Blood? Scientists suggest they have solved the problem of how soft tissues like dinosaur blood vessels could have persisted for millions of years. Do their results really back up that claim? More...Dinosaur Soft Tissue: Biofilm or Blood Vessels?Over a decade ago, paleontologist Dr. Mary Schweitzer accidentally discovered soft tissues preserved inside dinosaur bone.1 While examining the bone structure from an incompletely fossilized T. rex nicknamed "B. rex," she came upon what appeared to be blood vessels and blood cells on her microscope slides. In an interview years later, she recalled, "I looked at this and I looked at this and I thought, this can't be. More...Dinosaur Soft Tissues: They're Real!

Dinosaurs are often portrayed as having lived in a time before man. However, the available evidence shows that man and dinosaur coexisted. Legends of dragons are found among most people groups. For example, there are the stories of Bel and the dragon, the Kulta of Australian aborigines, St. George and the dragon, and of course many Chinese legends. Often, the anatomical descriptions given are consistent, even though they come from separate continents and various times. These depictions match what we know from the fossil evidence of certain dinosaurs. Thus, dinosaurs are known directly from their fossils, and indirectly from cave drawings, tapestries, textiles, figurines, carvings, bas reliefs, and many oral and written eyewitness accounts, most of which are quite old. The Bible states that “every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind” was created by God on Day Six of the creation week (Genesis 1:25)—including dinosaurs. On this same day, the first man and woman were also created (Genesis 1:26-27). Over 1,600 years later, Genesis 8:15 records that a pair of each land-dwelling animal “wherein is the breath of life”—again including dinosaurs—were taken aboard an ark that would have held over 101,000 square feet of floor space. This ensured that a remnant would be preserved through the worldwide watery destruction that fossilized many pre-Flood dinosaurs. The book of Job refers to a creature called behemoth. With a massive size and a tail like a cedar tree, its description matches that of a sauropod dinosaur. God calls it to Job’s attention with the words “Behold now behemoth, which I made with thee” (Job 40:15). Thus, this statement affirms that both behemoth and man were made on the same day. Ezekiel, James, and Paul refer to the book of Job, authenticating its reliably historical testimony. The fact that dinosaur femur soft tissues have been described as “still squishy” and contain recognizable blood cells also confirms the recency of dinosaur fossil deposition. Science continues to demonstrate that dinosaurs did not predate humans, and that dinosaur kinds did not go extinct (if they all have) until after the Flood, which occurred only thousands of years ago.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

1:21 great whales. Fish and other marine organisms were created simultaneously with birds and other flying creatures, in obvious contradiction to the sequence imagined by evolutionists. The “moving creature” (Hebrew sherets) of Genesis 1:20 is elsewhere always translated “creeping thing,” and here evidently refers to marine invertebrates and marine reptiles, as well as the fishes. The word translated “great whales” (Hebrew tannin) is elsewhere the regular word for “dragons,” and most probably refers to the great marine reptiles often called dinosaurs.

7:15 two of all flesh. Two of every kind of land animal entered the ark, including those animals (e.g., dinosaurs) that have become extinct in the millennia following the Flood. The animals were all young animals, since they would have to spend the year in the ark without reproducing and then emerge to repopulate the earth after the Flood. The animals entering the ark were those individuals possessing genes for the remarkable physiologic abilities of migration and hibernation. These were not needed in the equable climates of the primeval world, but would be vital for survival in the post-Flood world. After being installed in their respective “rooms” in the ark, and after a good meal, most of them probably spent most of the Flood year in a state of hibernation.

2:13 dragon well. Some modern versions, with no real justification, translate this as “jackal well.” The Hebrew word, however, means “dragon,” or at least some kind of monster. Most likely it refers to dinosaurs, which survived into historic times and gave rise to the worldwide legends of dragons (see notes on Job 40:15). The dragon well was known as such by the Jebusites who inhabited the region long before its conquest by Israel. Quite possibly the well was given its name by the first inhabitants who migrated there after the dispersion from Babel, when dinosaurs frequented the spring.

30:29 brother to dragons. Modern translations commonly render this as “brother to jackals.” However, the Hebrew word is tannin and really means “dragons.” These doleful creatures, coming in various species and sizes, had not yet become extinct in Job’s time, and were probably equivalent to the extinct animals we now call dinosaurs. See note on Lamentations 4:3.

40:19 chief of the ways. The behemoth was the “chief” of all created land animals, which could only, therefore, have been one of the great land dinosaurs. These, like all other animals, were created on the fifth and sixth days of creation week. Seemingly, the dinosaur had representatives preserved on Noah’s ark. Some descendants survived to and beyond Job’s day, giving rise to all the traditions of dragons in various parts of the world.

41:1 leviathan. Leviathan was evidently the greatest of the marine reptiles, or dinosaurs, something like a plesiosaur, perhaps, although modern commentators tend to call it a crocodile. Isaiah says that leviathan was “the dragon that is in the sea” (Isaiah 27:1), and the psalmist said that leviathan “played” in the “great and wide sea” (Psalm 104:25,26).

41:21 a flame. Whatever the leviathan was, it was not a crocodile! Many of the dragon legends indicate they could breathe fire, and there are indications that at least certain dinosaurs may have been able to produce and expel combustible gases which, upon coming in contact with oxygen, could have ignited.

74:13 dragons in the waters. The mighty “dragons” in the waters, the same as “leviathan” (see also Job 41:1-34; Isaiah 27:1), were invulnerable to human weapons and were probably great marine reptiles, like dinosaurs. These “dragons” were broken and buried in the mighty waters and rushing sediments of the flood.

91:13 dragon. Both the lion and the dragon are symbolic of Satan (I Peter 5:8; Revelation 12:9). Here, incidentally, is further proof that dragons were animals as real as adders and lions. It appears that dragons were animals similar to dinosaurs (see notes on Job 40:15-19).

104:26 leviathan. The “leviathan” was a great sea-serpent or dragon (note Isaiah 27:1), almost certainly corresponding to the plesiosaurs or other marine reptiles like dinosaurs now only known as fossils. “Playing” in the deep ocean where ships go, it obviously was not a mere crocodile, as modern commentators allege.

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