New Defender's Study Bible Notes
11:17 idol shepherd. Because Israel will reject her Good Shepherd, God will send a foolish shepherd (Zechariah 11:15) who will seek to destroy them (Zechariah 11:16). He becomes an “idol” shepherd by demanding they worship him instead of the true Shepherd (Matthew 24:15-16; II Thessalonians 2:3-4; Revelation 13:14-15). He is, of course, the Beast, or Antichrist.