1:1 song of songs. This book is variously identified as “Song of Songs,” “Song of Solomon” or “Canticles” (Latin for “songs”). There is no reason not to accept the traditional authorship of Solomon. The theme, however, has been interpreted in many different ways. The most obvious interpretation is that of a simple love song, telling the story of the love of a Shulamite maiden (Song of Solomon 6:13) and Solomon, appearing alternately as both a shepherd and as the king. The story, however, is probably also a type of the love of Christ (who is also both a shepherd and a king) for His bride, the Church. Similarly, the Jews took it as an allegory of Jehovah and Israel.