110:1 LORD said unto my Lord. This verse means literally, “Jehovah said unto Adonai.” This is a remarkable conversation between two persons of the Godhead. This psalm is clearly a Messianic psalm, quoted as such at least twelve times in the New Testament. Note especially Matthew 22:43-45, where Christ specifically applies Psalm 110:1 to Himself, claiming that He is not just the son of David, but David’s Lord.
110:1 right hand. Psalm 110:1 is quoted five times in the New Testament. Note, e.g., Hebrews 1:13: “But to which of the angels said He at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool” (also Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42; Acts 2:34). Clearly the psalm prophesies the rejection of Christ by His enemies, then His ascension to the right hand of God, there to wait until time for the subjugation of His enemies. This is the second (Psalm 16:11 is the first) of twenty-one Biblical references to Christ at the right hand of the Father. In addition to the seven already noted, there are seven in the epistles of Paul (Romans 8:34; Ephesians 1:20; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2), and seven in the other books of the New Testament (Matthew 26:64; Mark 14:62; 16:19; Luke 22:69; Acts 7:55,56; I Peter 3:22).