New Defender's Study Bible Notes
2:5 sins be forgiven. See note on Matthew 9:6. Indirectly, sin in the world is the root cause of disease. If Jesus, by His own power, can heal, He can also forgive.
2:14 Levi. Levi is the same as Matthew. See on Matthew 9:9.
2:20 fast. Fasting is appropriate during times of grief or great need, not in times of joy, such as wedding celebrations or preparations. Jesus, as the heavenly Bridegroom, was presently with His disciples, but after His ascension their future mission would encounter opposition and persecution, and then they would fast (note Paul’s testimony in II Corinthians 11:27).
2:22 old bottles. See note on Matthew 9:17.
2:23 corn. This “corn” was not what we call corn today (actually Indian maize) but wheat or some similar grain.
2:24 sabbath day. With reference to Christ’s activities on the sabbath, see notes on Matthew 12:8 and 12:13. The sabbath had been “made for man” (Mark 2:27)—that is, as a blessing, not as a cruel burden.
2:26 Abiathar the high priest. Jesus knew that Abiathar’s father Ahimelich was still high priest at this time (see I Samuel 21:1-6). However, Abiathar was no doubt present at the time, and soon thereafter became high priest under David. The account here by Mark simply says that this event occurred in the time of Abiathar, not necessarily in the time when he served as high priest.
2:27 man for the sabbath. See note on Exodus 20:11. Jesus, who created the sabbath in the beginning, is incidentally explaining why He did not create everything in a single instant (as He surely could have done), instead of doing it over six days. Man would need a day of rest and worship once in seven days, and so He set the example.