4:12 would not have believed. Even God’s chosen nation was allowed to be defeated and exiled—not just those nations that are openly opposed to God and His Word. “The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God” (Psalm 9:17). “For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required” (Luke 12:48). America, the most privileged nation in history, urgently needs to return to God before God’s judgment falls on her as well.
4:12 the adversary and the enemy. The reference to those “two” invaders of Jerusalem may imply that Satan (whose name means “Adversary”) was in the lead of the Babylonian armies as they desecrated God’s holy city.