47:4 Philistines. For other prophecies against these perennial enemies of Israel, see Isaiah 14:29-31; Ezekiel 25:15-17; Amos 1:6-8; and Zephaniah 2:4-7. Nebuchadnezzar, as prophesied, essentially destroyed Philistia as a viable nation.
47:4 Tyrus and Zidon. Tyre and Sidon, chief cities of the Phoenicians, were also a perpetual threat and temptation to Israel. For more detailed prophecies against these cities, see Ezekiel 26–28.