Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful ° hill:
And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard.
What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?
And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:
And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
 

5:1 vineyard. The “vineyard” in this song represents Israel (Isaiah 5:7), a figure that was later appropriated by Christ (Matthew 21:33-45). The “pleasant plant” in the vineyard, which represents Judah, is probably the “fig tree planted in his vineyard” (Luke 13:6). Sadly, however, the vineyard produced wild grapes and the fig tree was barren, so God eventually had to “lay it waste” (Isaiah 5:6).

5:7 the house of Israel. See above note for Isaiah 5:1.


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