19:9 three cities more. See Joshua 20:7, where the three cities of refuge east of Jordan were designated. The three west of the Jordan were named in Deuteronomy 4:43.
19:14 landmark. Evidently, even though the children of Israel were to receive their promised inheritance by driving out the Canaanites who then inhabited the land, they were to divide it on the basis of ancient “landmarks” already established. These were probably the same as “the border [same Hebrew word] of the Canaanites” (Genesis 10:19) established when “by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood” (Genesis 10:32).