3:1 image of gold. The king, taken up with his importance as the golden head of the prophetic image to influence and direct the entire sequence of kingdoms that would come after him, arrogantly constructed his manufactured image entirely of gold, in effect proclaiming himself as destined to be the greatest man in world history.
3:1 threescore cubits, and the breadth thereof six cubits. An image with a height ten times its width would look more like an obelisk than a statue of a man. Possibly the king was trying to emphasize the long duration of his influence in the world. More probably, the height dimension included a high pedestal on which the statue rested.
3:5 sackbut. A musical instrument like a lyre.
3:5 dulcimer. A stringed instrument.
3:5 all kinds of musick. This list includes several Greek instruments, identified in the original by their Greek names, and this has served as an excuse for liberals to attribute the book of Daniel to a late date. The fact is, however, that Greek culture was already well developed in Nebuchadnezzar’s time and commerce between Greece and Babylon well established, so that such instruments were common in Babylon at this time. The king’s proclamation (Daniel 3:4) acknowledged other languages in Babylon.
3:10 worship the golden image. Nebuchadnezzar’s ancient image is a type of the image of the “beast” during the coming great tribulation, and which likewise must be worshipped on pain of death (Revelation 13:15).
3:18 not serve thy gods. This is a severe indictment of many modern Christian leaders who will not take a stand against evolutionary gods today—not because of a threatened furnace but because of fear of loss of academic standing.
3:25 the Son of God. God is, indeed, able to “deliver us” (Daniel 3:17), sending “a son of God” (literal reading), one of His mighty angels, to defend and protect His children, if He so wills (note Psalm 34:7). This has often happened, even when they were not aware of his presence. In this special case, this Son of God may even have been the Angel of the Lord, the pre-incarnate Christ.
3:28 delivered his servants. Nebuchadnezzar came to realize that God not only could reveal secrets but could also deliver those who trusted in Him; nevertheless, he still thought of Him as only “the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.” One must not only acknowledge God as a great God, but as the only true God of creation and as one’s personal Redeemer, if he would be saved.