7:38 the church. The Greek for “church” is ekklesia, meaning the “called-out ones.” In Deuteronomy 18:16, right after Moses’ prophecy of the coming prophet, the word for “assembly,” referring to the whole assembled congregation of Israel at Mount Sinai, was translated ekklesia in the Greek Septuagint translation of the Old Testament. However, neither the nation Israel nor a local synagogue is ever called a “church” in the same sense as a local assembly of Christian believers.

7:38 the angel. The “angel” who spoke with Moses at Sinai, delivering unto him the “living oracles”—that is, the Scriptures—was none other than the Lord Jesus Christ Himself, in a pre-incarnate theophany.

7:38 the lively oracles. This felicitous expression means “the utterances that are vibrantly alive” and refers to the Scriptures. There are just three other references to these “oracles” (Romans 3:2; Hebrews 5:12; I Peter 4:11), always referring to God’s word.


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