New Defender's Study Bible Notes
5:9 labour. This verse is not suggesting that we must “labour” to be “accepted” by Christ. The connotation of “labour” is “be ambitious,” and that of “accepted of” is “be well-pleasing to.” It is our earnest desire to please Christ (II Timothy 2:4).
5:10 judgment seat. The “judgment seat” (Greek bema) is not the “great white throne” (Revelation 20:11) where unbelievers are to be judged by their works and then sent into hell, but a judgment for rewards, or loss of rewards, to believers. See also Romans 14:10-12, I Corinthians 3:11-15, Revelation 22:12).