4:2 thirty cubits. Critics have claimed there is a mathematical error in this verse. To support this verse, see note on I Kings 7:23.
4:5 three thousand baths. According to I Kings 7:26, the molten sea “contained two thousand baths.” Although this could represent a copyist error, both statements could be true as they stand. That is, if the sea could receive three thousand baths (a bath was about eight gallons), it could certainly contain two thousand.
4:6 ten lavers. According to I Kings 7:38, each laver could hold forty baths (about 230 gallons) of water. They were used to wash animals for certain of the offerings, whereas the large “sea” was reserved for the priests to wash in.
4:12 pommels of the chapiters. That is, “rounded knob-like ornaments on the capitals of the columns.”
4:17 clay ground. This area is about thirty-five miles north of the Dead Sea, where the clay could be used for casting bronze. Archaeologists have evidence of this type of work being carried out here in ancient times.
4:22 censers. Incense burners.