When Did the Mountains Rise?

In geology a controversy prevails concerning uniformity and catastrophe. Regarding mountain building, uniformity maintains that the necessary tectonic forces have always acted, and there should be mountains of every age. Catastrophists/creationists, however, consider mountains to be largely the result of Noah's Flood, which first deposited strata, then folded and eroded them, then later still uplifted them into modern mountain chains. Intense geologic processes were operating at rates, scales, and intensities, far in excess of today's "uniform" norms. Creationists believe some mountains may have risen during the late Flood (for example the Appalachian Mountains), but most mountains (Sierra Nevada, Rocky Mountains, etc.) were elevated in the latest Flood or earliest post-Flood times.** Thus, creationists would expect the world's mountain chains to be among its most recent geologic features.

As can be seen from the following list of data collected from numerous investigators and abridged from a similar chart by evolutionists Ollier and Pain in The Origin of Mountains, 2000, pp. 304-306, this expectation has been realized. Keep in mind that in standard evolutionary thinking, which involves billions of years, a few million years is no time at all. Thus, even evolutionists admit nearly all the world's mountains rose just "yesterday" in earth history.

Obviously, this is a "big picture" consideration. Virtually all the mountains of the entire world rose up in the last episode of Earth's geologic history just as expected from creation thinking. Some fine points may await resolution, yet the big picture favors creation.

 

Mountain Chain/ Plateau/Rift
Years Since Main Uplift

Europe

Swiss Alps
Apennines Mtns.
Pyrenees Mtns.
Baetic Cordillera
Carpathian Mtns.
Caucasus Mnts.
Ural Mtns.
Sudeten Mtns.

<2 million
1-2 million
2-5 million
2-5 million
2-5 million
<2 million
1-2 million
1-5 million
Asia

Tibetan Plateau
Himalaya Mtns.
Kunlun Mtns.
Tien Shan Mtns.
Shanxi Mtns.
Japanese Mtns.
Taiwan Mtns.

<3.4 million
<3.4 million
<4 million
<2 million
<3 million
<5 million
<5 million
North America

Sierra Nevada Mtns.
Main Colorado Plateau
Bighorn Mtns.
Rocky Mtns.
Canadian Cordillera
Cascade Range

<2 million
<3 million
<3 million
<5 million
2-5 million
4-5 million
South America

Chilean Andes
Bolivian Andes
Ecuadorian Andes

<5 million
<5 million
<5 million
Africa

Ethiopian Rift
Western Rift
Ruwenzori Mtns.

<2.9 million
<3 million
<3 million

Other

New Guinea Mtns.
New Zealand Mtns.

2 million
<5 million

* Dr. Morris is President of the Institute for Creation Research.

** Scripture affirms that the waters once "stood above the mountains" (Psalm 104:6), then retreated (v.7), and then the mountains rose and the valleys sank (v.8).

Cite this article: Morris, J. 2005. When Did the Mountains Rise? Acts & Facts. 34 (3).

The Latest
TESTIMONIALS
What Will Be Your Legacy?
Hello, I'm Eileen Turner, ICR's Chief Financial Officer. As I look back to the days when my children were first interested in science, how I...

NEWS
Planaria Genome Loaded with Design Evidence
The planaria, a type of flatworm, has an amazing capacity to regenerate a new body from just fragments of tissue. Its genome has just been sequenced....

TESTIMONIALS
Teaching Teenage Boys
Hi, I’m Steve Hopper, ICR’s Data Analyst. In just five short years, I’ll have three teenage boys asking teenage questions and thinking...

PODCASTS
Common Design or Common Descent?
Humans’ and chimpanzees’ many similar features are presented as one of the strongest evidences for evolutionary theory. But do these...

NEWS
The Holy Grail of Dinosaurs?
A recent article by a team of paleontologists, led by Hesham Sallam, of Mansoura University, Egypt, claims to have found the Holy Grail of dinosaurs...